The Purpose

The stated purposes of the proposed international organization were

  • To maintain international peace and security; and to that end to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace and the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means adjustment or settlement of international disputes which may lead to a breach of the peace
  • To develop friendly relations among nations and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace
  • To achieve international co-operation in the solution of international economic, social and other humanitarian problem
  • To afford a center for harmonizing the actions of nations in the achievement of these common ends

The delegates agreed on a tentative proposal to meet these goals on October 7, 1944. In his Witness to History, 1929–1969 (New York, 1973, 159), C.E. Bohlen observes that Dumbarton Oaks settled all but two issues regarding the organization of the United Nations-the voting procedure in the Security Council and the Soviet pressure for the admission of all sixteen of the Soviet republics to the General Assembly. It took the conference at Yalta, plus further negotiations with Moscow, before the issues were solved.

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