Within the garden rooms, Bliss and Farrand used plant material and garden ornament to define the rooms' character and use. Trees became the centerpieces, framed a view, or enclosed the space. Benches were nestled into corners or under arbors, and were designed for their beauty and their utility. Urns, vases, and finials marked transitions between spaces, were the focal point of axes, and complemented and enhanced the architecture. Inscriptions were chosen, often after consultation with friends and scholars, to enhance the gardens' meaning and significance.