Syriac Studies Introduction (2000)

NB: the bibliographies below are mostly presented in chronological order of publication. 

INTRODUCTIONS

**S.P. Brock, "An introduction to Syriac Studies", in J.H. Eaton (ed.), Horizons in Semitic Studies (1980), 1–33.

**M. Albert, in Christianismes orientaux (1993), 297–372.

P-H. Poirier, "La documentation patristique dans le domaine syriaque", in J-C. Fredouille & R-M. Roberge, La documentation patristique (1995), 149–155.

P. Bettiolo, "Complementi interdisciplinari di patrologia", in A. Quacquarelli (1989), 503–603.

Histories of Syriac Literature

W. Wright, A Short History of Syriac Literature (1894).

**R. Duval, La littérature syriaque (1907). [Probably still the best general introduction]

A. Baumstark, Geschichte der syrischen Literatur (1922). [The standard reference work]

**J.B. Chabot, La littérature syriaque (1934).

De Lacy O'Leary, The Syriac Church and Fathers (1909).

**I. Ortiz de Urbina, Patrologia Syriaca (2nd ed. 1965). [Useful for a quick orientation]

R. Macuch, Geschichte der spat-und neusyrischen Literatur (1976). [Baumstark to present day, including Modern Syriac]

**S.P. Brock, A Brief Outline of Syriac Literature (1997). [Includes main writers with bibliographies on select topics and samples from many writers in translation]

P. Bettiolo, "Letteratura Siriaca", in A. di Berardino (ed.), Patrologia V (Genoa, 2000), 415–493.

Ignatius Afrem I Barsoum (trans. M. Mousa), The History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (Pueblo, CO, 2000).

There are important works by Middle Eastern scholars:

  • E. Barsoum (in Arabic and Syriac; for English translation, see above); A. Abouna (Arabic), and P. Sarmas (Modern Syriac): these are used by Macuch. Much basic information is still to be found in J.S. Assemani, Bibliotheca Orientalis (1719–1728; 3 vols; reprinted, 1975).
  • Useful and often substantial articles on some main Syriac writers can be found especially in the Dictionnaire de spiritualité and the Theologische Realenzyklopädie. Many briefer ones in Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche (2nd ed.).

Historical Background

No single work available, but the following are important:

  • J. Labourt, Le christianisme dans l'empire perse (1904).
  • **W.A. Wigram, An Introduction to the History of the Assyrian Church (1910). [to 7th cent.]
  • W.A. Wigram, The Separation of the Monophysites (1923).
  • J-M. Fiey, Jalons pour une histoire de l'église en Iraq (1970). [to 7th cent.]
  • J.B. Segal, Edessa: 'The Blessed City' (1971).
  • W.H.C. Frend, The Rise of the Monophysite Movement (1972).
  • W.G. Young, Patriarch, Shah, and Caliph (1974).
  • S. Gero, Barsauma of Nisibis and Persian Christianity in the 5th Century (1981).
  • **W.S. McCullough, A Short History of Syriac Christianity to the Rise of Isalm (1982).
  • *S.H. Moffett, A History of Christianity in Asia, I (1992).

For the Islamic period:

  • P. Kawerau, Die jakobitische Kirche im Zeitalter der syrischen Renaissance (1960).
  • W. Hage, Die syrisch-jakobitische Kirche in frühislamischen Zeit (1966).
  • H. Putman, L'Église et l'Islam sous Timothée I (780–823) (1975).
  • J-M. Fiey, Chrétiens syriaques sous les Mongols (1975).
  • ———, Chrétiens syriaques sous les Abbasides (1980).
  • I. Gillman and H-J. Klimkeit, Christians in Asia before 1500 (1999).
  • Note also the long article by E. Tisserant, "Nestorienne (église)", in Dictionnaire de théologie catholique.

Topography

E. Honigmann, Évêques et évêchés monophysites au VIe siècle (1951).

———, Le couvent de Barsauma et le patriarcat jacobite (1954).

J-M. Fiey, Assyrie chrétienne (3 vols, 1965–8).

———, Nisibe (1977).

———, Communautes syriaques en Iran et Iraq des origines à 1552 (1979).

D. Wilmshurst, The Ecclesiastical Organisation of the Church of the East, 1318–1913 (CSCO Subsidia 104; 2000).

Many useful articles in Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastique.

Miscellaneous, and collections of articles

A. Vööbus, A History of Asceticism in the Syrian Orient (3 vols.; 1958, 1960, 1988).

———, History of the School of Nisibis (1966).

**R. Murray, Symbols of Church and Kingdom: A Study in Early Syriac Tradition (1975).

N. Garsoian and others, East of Byzantium (1982).

**S. Beggiani, Early Syriac Theology (1983).

———, Introduction to Eastern Christian Sprituality: The Syriac Tradition (1991).

**H.J.W. Drijvers, East of Antioch (1984).

———, History and Religion in Late Antique Syria (1994).

**S.P. Brock, Syriac Perspectives on Late Antiquity (1984).

———, Studies in Syriac Christianity (1992).

**J. F. Coakley and K. Parry (eds), The Church of the East: Life and Thought (= Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 78:3; 1996).

Symposium Syriacum I–VII = Orientalia Christiana Analecta 197, 205, 221, 229, 236, 247, 256.

Festschriften for the following scholars contain many articles on Syriac studies: G. Khouri-Sarkis (1969); F. Graffin (1974); A. Vööbus (1977); W. Strothmann (1978); A. van Roey (1985); A. Guillaumont (1988); W. Hage (1995); J-M. Fiey (1996); S.P. Brock (1996); H.J.W. Drijvers (1999).

Bibliographies

C. Moss, Catalogue of Syriac Printed Books and Related Literature in the British Museum (1962). [Serves as a bibliography for Syriac studies up to c.1960]

S.P. Brock, Syriac Studies: A Classified Bibliography (1960–1990) (1996).

———, Syriac Studies: A Classified Bibliography (1991–1995), in Parole de l'orient (forthcoming).

———, "Select bibliography", in T. Muraoka, Syriac Grammar (1997).

History of Syriac Studies

W. Strothmann, Die Anfange der syrischen Studien in Europa (GOFS 1; 1971).

S.P. Brock, "The Development of Syriac Studies", in K. Cathcart (ed), The Edward Hincks Bicentenary Lectures (1994), 94–113.

———, "Syriac Studies in the Last Three Decades: Some Reflections", in Symposium Syriacum VI (OCA 247 1994), 13–29.

A. de Halleux, "Vingt ans d'étude critique des églises syriaques", in R. Taft (ed), The Christian East (OCA 251, 1996), 145–179.

Text Series

  • Patrologia Syriaca (PS; 3 vols), with Latin translation.
  • Patrologia Orientalis (PO; in progress; many Syriac texts, with translation).
  • Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium (CSCO), Scriptores Syri (in progress; text and translation in separate volumes).
  • Göttinger Orientforschungen, Reihe Syriaca (GOFS; in progress; with German translation).

Main relevant periodicals:

  • L'Orient syrien (1956–1967) [index in Memorial G. Khouri Sarkis (1969)]
  • Parole de l'orient
  • Oriens Christianus
  • Orientalia Christiana Periodica
  • Le Muséon
  • Analecta Bollandiana [for hagiography]
  • The Harp
  • A Journal of Syriac and Oriental Studies
  • Aram
  • Revue de l'orient chrétien [Includes many important articles despite being long defunct]
  • Journal of the Aramaic Bible
  • Hugoye [New (1998) electronic journal of Syriac studies]

 

EARLY SYRIAC CHRISTIANITY (General)

L.W. Barnard, "The Origins and Emergence of the Church in Edessa during the First Two Centuries", Vigiliae Christianae 22 (1968), 161–175.

W. Bauer, Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity (1934; English translation, Philadelphia, 1971), ch.1.

S.J. Beggiani, Early Syriac Theology (Lanham, 1983).

———, Introduction to Eastern Christian Spirituality: The Syriac Tradition (Scranton, 1991).

S.P. Brock, Syriac Perspectives on Late Antiquity (London, 1984).

———, Studies in Syriac Christianity (London, 1992).

———, "Eusebius and Syriac Christianity", in H. Attridge and G. Hata (eds), Eusebius, Christianity, and Judaism (Detroit, 1992), 212–234.

———, "Greek and Syriac in Late Antique Syria", in A. K. Bowman and G. Woolf (eds), Literacy and Power in the ancient World (Cambridge, 1994), 149–160.

D. Bundy, "Christianity in Syria", in Anchor Bible Dictionary 1 (1992), 970–979.

F.C. Burkitt, Early Eastern Christianity (London, 1904).

H.J.W. Drijvers, East of Antioch (London, 1984).

———, History and Religion in Late Antique Syria (London, 1994).

———, "Jews and Christians at Edessa", Journal of Jewish Studies 36 (1985), 88–102.

———, "Syrian Christianity and Judaism", in J. Lieu, J. North, and T. Rajak (eds), The Jews among the Pagans and Christians in the Roman Empire (London, 1992), 124–146.

F. Millar, The Roman Near East (Cambridge, Mass., 1993), 452–488.

R. Murray, Symbols of Church and Kingdom: A Study in Early Syriac Tradition (Cambridge, 1975).

———, "The Features of the Earliest Christian Asceticism", in Christian Spirituality: Studies in Honour of E.G. Rupp (London, 1975), 65–77.

———, "The Characteristics of Earliest Syriac Christianity", in N. Garsoian, T. Mathews, and R. Thomson (eds), East of Byzantium (Washington, DC, 1982), 3–16.

J.B. Segal, Edessa: `The Blessed City' (Oxford, 1970).

———, "When did Christianity come to Edessa?" in B.C. Bloomfield (ed), Middle East Studies and Libraries (London, 1980), 179–191.

M. Weitzman, "From Judaism to Christianity: the Syriac Version of the Hebrew Bible", in Lieu, North, and Rajak (eds), The Jews among the Pagans and Christians (London, 1992), 147–173.

 

THE ORIGINS AND CHARACTER OF EARLY SYRIAC CHRISTIANITY (Topical)

Earliest Syriac Christianity

  • F.C. Burkitt, Early Eastern Christianity (London, 1904).
  • H.E.W. Turner, Patterns of Christian Truth (London, 1954), 39–46, 85–94.
  • J.C.L. Gibson, "From Qumran to Edessa, or the Aramaic speaking church before and after AD 70", Annual of the Leeds University Oriental Society 5 (1963/5), 24–39.
  • L.W. Barnard, "The Origins and Emergence of the Church in Edessa during the First Two Centuries", Vigiliae Christianae 22 (1968), 161–175.

Judaism and Early Syriac Christianity

  • W. Bauer, Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity (1934; English translation, Philadelphia, 1971), ch.1.
  • H.J.W. Drijvers, "Facts and Problems in Early Syriac-Speaking Christianity", The Second Century 2 (1984), 157–175. [Reprinted in East of Antioch (London, 1984).]
  • ———, "Jews and Christians at Edessa", Journal of Jewish Studies 36 (1985), 88–102.
  • ———, "Syrian Christianity and Judaism", in J. Lieu and others (eds), The Jews among the Pagans and Christians in the Roman Empire (London, 1992), 124–146.
  • ———, "Early Syriac Christianity: Some Recent Publications", Vigiliae Christianae 50 (1996), 159–177.

Early Syriac Theology

  • R. Murray, Symbols of Church and Kingdom: A Study in Early Syriac Tradition (Cambridge, 1975).
  • ———, "The Characteristics of the Earliest Syriac Christianity", in N. Garsoian and others, East of Antioch (Washington, DC, 1982), 3–16.

Syriac Christianity at Edessa

  • D. Bundy, "Christianity in Syria", Anchor Bible Dictionary 1 (1992), 970–979.
  • A.F.J. Klijn, "Christianity in Edessa and the Gospel of Thomas", Novum Testamentum 14 (1972), 70–77.
  • J.B. Segal, Edessa, 'The Blessed City' (Oxford, 1970).
  • ———, "When did Christianity Come to Edessa?", in B.C. Bloomfield (ed.), Middle East Studies and Libraries (London, 1980), 179–191.

Addai Legend

  • Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History 1.13.
  • Teaching of Addai, ed./trans. G. Howard (1981).
  • S.P. Brock, "Eusebius and Syriac Christianity", in H. Attridge and G. Hata (eds), Eusebius, Christianity, and Judaism (Detroit, 1992), 212–234. [Reprinted in From Ephrem to Romanos (Aldershot, 1999).]

Edessa Icon and Turin Shroud

  • A. Cameron, The Sceptic and the Shroud (London, 1980). [Reprinted in Continuity and Change in 6th-century Byzantium (London, 1982), ch.5.].

Evidence of the Syriac Old Testament

  • S.P. Brock, "The Peshitta Old Testament: Between Judaism and Christianity", Cristianesimo nella Storia 19 (1998), 483–502.
  • M. Weitzman, "From Judaism to Christianity", in J. Lieu and others (eds), The Jews among the Pagans and Christians in the Roman Empire (London, 1992), 147–173.
  • ———, The Syriac Version of the Old Testament (Cambridge, 1999), ch.5.

Early Inscriptions and Three Legal Documents in Syriac (dated 240, 242, and 243 CE)

  • S.P. Brock, "Some New Syriac Documents from the Third Century AD", ARAM 3 (1991), 259–267.
  • H.J.W. Drijvers, "A Tomb for the Life of a King: A Recently Discovered Edessene Mosaic with a Portrait of King Abgar the Great", Le Muséon 95 (1982), 167–189. [Compare J.B. Segal, in Syria 60 (1983), 107–110.]
  • H.J.W. Drijvers and J.F. Healey, The Old Syriac Inscriptions of Edessa and Osrhoene (Leiden, 1999).
  • F.G.B. Millar, The Roman Near East (Cambridge, Mass, 1993), 452–488.

 

DISCERNING THE CHARACTER OF EARLY EDESSENE CHRISTIANITY: SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

F.C. Burkitt, Early Eastern Christianity (London, 1904), ch.1.

W. Bauer, Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity (1934; English translation, Philadelphia, 1971).

H.E.W. Turner, Patterns of Christian Truth (London, 1954), 39–46, 85–94.

J.C.L. Gibson, "From Qumran to Edessa, or the Aramaic Speaking Church before and after AD 70", Annual of the Leeds University Oriental Society 5 (1963/5), 24–39.

H.J.W. Drijvers, Bardaisan of Edessa (Assen, 1965).

H. Koster, "Gnomai diaphorai", Harvard Theological Review 58 (1965), 290–306.

L.W. Barnard, "The Origins and Emergence of the Church in Edessa during the First Two Centuries", Vigiliae Christianae 22 (1968), 161–175.

J.B. Segal, Edessa: 'The Blessed City' (Oxford, 1970).

A.J.F. Klijn, "Christianity in Edessa and the Gospel of Thomas", Novum Testamentum 14 (1972), 70–77.

R. Murray, Symbols of Church and Kingdom: A Study in Early Syriac Tradition (Cambridge, 1975).

S.P. Brock, "Some Aspects of Greek words in Syriac", in A. Dietrich (ed), Synkretismus im syrisch-persischen Kulturgebiet (Abh.Ak.Gottingen, phil.-hist.Kl. III. 96, 1975), 80–108. [Reprinted in Syriac Perspectives on Late Antiquity (London, 1984), ch.IV.]

———, "Jewish Traditions in Syriac Sources", Journal of Jewish Studies 30 (1979), 212–232.

J.B. Segal, "When did Christianity Come to Edessa?", in B. C. Bloomfield (ed.), Middle East Studies and Libraries (London, 1980), 179–191.

H.J.W. Drijvers, Cults and Beliefs at Edessa (Leiden, 1980).

———, "Edessa", Theologische Realenzyklopädie 9 (1981), 177–188.

———, "A Tomb for the Life of a King: A Recently Discovered Edessene Mosaic with a Portrait of King Abgar the Great", Le Muséon 95 (1982), 167–189.

———, "Facts and Problems in Early Syriac-Speaking Christianity", The Second Century 2 (1982), 157–175. [Reprinted in East of Antioch (London, 1984), ch. 2]

R. Murray, "The Characteristics of the Earliest Syriac Christianity", in N. Garsoian, T. Mathews and R. Thomson (eds), East of Byzantium: Syria and Armenia in the Formative Period (Washington, DC, 1982), 3–16.

H.J.W. Drijvers, "East of Antioch", in idemEast of Antioch (London, 1984), ch. 1.

———, "Jews and Christians at Edessa", Journal of Jewish Studies 36 (1985), 88–102.

S.P. Brock, "The Lost Old Syriac at Luke 1:35 and the Earliest Syriac Terms for the Incarnation", in W.L. Petersen (ed), Gospel Traditions in the Second Century, (Notre Dame, 1989), 117–131.

J. Teixidor, "Deux documents syriaques du IIIe siècle après J-C provenant du Moyen Euphrate", Academie des Inscriptions & des Belles–Lettres (Comptes Rendus, 1990) 146–166.

J. Joosten, "The Old Testament Quotations in the Old Syriac and Peshitta Gospels: A Contribution to the Study of the Diatessaron", Textus 15 (1990), 55–76.

H.J.W. Drijvers, "Syrian Christianity and Judaism", in J. Lieu, J. North and T. Rajak (eds), The Jews among the Pagans and Christians in the Roman Empire (London, 1992), 124–146.

M. Weitzman, "From Judaism to Christianity: the Syriac Version of the Hebrew Bible", in Lieu, North, and Rajak (eds), The Jews among the Pagans and Christians in the Roman Empire (London, 1992), 147–173.

S.P. Brock, "Eusebius and Syriac Christianity", in H. Attridge and G. Hata (eds), Eusebius, Christianity, and Judaism (Detroit, 1992), 212–234.

———, "Some New Syriac Documents from the Third Century AD", ARAM 3 (1991 [1993]), 259–267.

J. Teixidor, "Un document syriaque de fermage de 242 après J-C", Semitica 41/2 (1993), 195–208.

F.G.B. Millar, The Roman Near East (Cambridge Mass., 1993).

S.P. Brock, "Historical Fiction in Fifth-Century Edessa: The Teaching of Addai and Some Related Texts”, Brown University Syriac Symposium 1991 (forthcoming).

 

THE DEVELOPMENT OF CLASSICAL SYRIAC

ARCHAIC FEATURES IN EARLY WRITINGS

F.C. Burkitt, Evangelion da-mepharreshe, II (1904).

M. Black, An Aramaic Approach to the Gospels and Acts (3rd ed. 1967), Appendix A = "The West Aramaic Elements in the Old Syriac Gospels".

K. Beyer, "Der reichsaramaische Einschlag in der altesten syrischen Literatur", ZDMG 116 (1966), 242–254.

P. Wernberg-Moller, "Some Scribal and Linguistic Features of the Genesis Part of the Oldest Peshitta Manuscript (BM Add 14425)", JSS 13 (1968), 136–161.

J. Joosten, "West Aramaic Elements in the Old Syriac and Peshitta Gospels", JBL 110 (1991), 271–289.

———, "Two West Aramaic Elements in the Old Syriac and Peshitta Gospels", Biblische Notizen 61 (1992), 17–21.

———, "West Aramaic Elements in the Syriac Gospels: Methodological Considerations", VI Symposium Syriacum (= OCA 247, 1994), 101–109.

———, The Syriac Language of the Peshitta and Old Syriac Versions of Matthew (Leiden, 1995).

L. van Rompay, "Some Preliminary Remarks on the Origins of Classical Syriac as a Standard Language: The Syriac Version of Eusebius of Caesarea's Ecclesiastical History", in G. Goldenberg and S. Raz (eds), Semitic and Cushitic Studies (Wiesbaden, 1994), 70–89.

 

EARLY SYRIAC WRITINGS

BARDAISAN

  • H.J.W. Drijvers, The Book of the Laws of Countries: Dialogue on Fate (1965) [Syriac and English translation].
  • ———, Bardaisan of Edessa (1966). [Study of his teaching].
  • J. Teixidor, Bardesane d'Edesse (1992).

PSEUDO-MELITO, Apology

  • English translation in W. Cureton, Spicilegium Syriacum (1855), 41–51.

MARA bar SARAPION, Letter to his Son

  • W. Cureton, Spicilegium Syriacum (1855), 70–76. [Syriac and English translation]
  • K. McVey, "A Fresh Look at the Letter of Mara bar Sarapion to his Son", V Symposium Syriacum (Orientalia Christiana Analecta 236; 1990), 257–272.

MENANDER, Sentences

  • T. Baarda, in J. H. Charlesworth (ed), The OT Pseudepigrapha II (1985), 583–606. [English translation and introduction]

ODES of SOLOMON

  • J.H. Charlesworth, The Odes of Solomon (1973, 1977). [Syriac and English translation]
  • J.A. Emerton, in H.F.D. Sparks (ed), The Apocryphal OT (1984), 683–731. [English translation]
  • M. Lattke, Die Oden Salomons I (1979) [Syriac and German translation]; II (1979) [Concordance]; III (1986) [Annotated bibliography].
  • M. Franzmann, The Odes of Solomon: An Analysis of the Poetical Structure and Form (1991).
  • M-J. Pierre and J-M. Martin (1994). [French translation]
  • E. Azar (1996). [French translation]
  • M. Lattke (1995). [German translation]
  • Studies: J. Danielou, in Dictionnaire de la Bible, Supplement 6 (1960); H. Chadwick, in Kyriakon: Festschrift J. Quasten I (1970); J. H. Charlesworth, in John and Qumran (1972); M. Petit, in Dictionnaire de Spiritualité 11 (1982); D.E. Aune, in New Testament Studies 28 (1982); B. McNeil, in Oriens Christianus 67 (1983); H.J.W. Drijvers, in East of Antioch (1984); M. Pierce, in Ephemerides Liturgicae 98 (1984); H. Hess, in Studia Patristica 20 (1989); M. Lattke, in Antichthon 27 (1993).

ACTS of THOMAS

A.F.J. Klijn, The Acts of Thomas (1962). [English translation and commentary]

———, "The So-Called Hymn of the Pearl", Vigiliae Christianae 14 (1960), 154–164.

H. Jonas, The Gnostic Religion (2nd ed 1963), ch.5.

H. Poirier, L’Hymne de la Perle des Actes de Thomas (1981).

———, "L'Hymne de la Perle et le manicheisme.", in L. Cirillo (ed), Codex Manichaeus Colonensis (1986), 235–248.

SYRIAC BIBLE

C. van Puyvelde, in Dictionnaire de la Bible, Supplement 6 (1960), 834–884.

A. Vööbus, "Syriac Versions", in Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, Supplement (1976), 848–854.

S.P. Brock, "The Bible in the Syriac Tradition" (SEERI Correspondence Course 1, 1989).

———, "Ancient Versions (Syriac)", in Anchor Bible Dictionary 6 (1992), 794–799.

(OT)

  • P. Dirksen, "The OT Peshitta”, in M-J. Mulder (ed), Miqra (1988), 255–297.
  • ———, An Annotated Bibliography of the Peshitta OT (1989).
  • M. Weitzman, "From Judaism to Christianity: The Syriac Version of the Hebrew Bible", in J. Lieu, J. North, T. Rajak (eds), The Jews among Pagans and Christians in the Roman Empire (London, 1992), 147–173.
  • ———, "The Interpretative Character of the Syriac OT", in M. Saebo (ed), Hebrew Bible/Old Testament 1 (1996), 587–611.

(NT)

  • B.M. Metzger, The Early Versions of the NT (1977), ch. 1.
  • S.P. Brock, "The Resolution of the Philoxenian/Harklean Problem", in Essays in Honour of B. M. Metzger (Oxford, 1981), 325–343.
  • J. Joosten, "West Aramaic Elements in the Old Syriac and Peshitta Gospels”, JBL 110 (1991), 271–289.
  • W. Petersen, "The Diatessaron", in Anchor Bible Dictionary 2 (1992), 189–190.

 

GREEK INTO SYRIAC AND SYRIAC INTO GREEK

General

  • S.P. Brock, "Greek into Syriac and Syriac into Greek", reprinted in S.P. Brock, Syriac Perspectives, ch.II.
  • ———, "From Antagonism to Assimilation: Syriac Attitudes to Greek Learning”, reprinted in S.P. Brock, Syriac Perspectives, ch.V.
  • De Lacy O`Leary, How Greek Science Passed to the Arabs (1949).
  • J.-M. Sauget, "L'apport des traductions syriaques pour la patristique grecque", Revue de théologie et de philosophie 110 (1978), 139–148.
  • F. Young, "Syriac: A Tool for the Student of Early Christian Doctrine”, in J.H. Eaton (ed.), Horizons in Semitic Studies (Birmingham, 1980), 39–58.

Syriac into Greek

AHIQAR

  • J.M. Lindenberger, The Aramaic Proverbs of Ahiqar (1983), Introduction.
  • J.R. Harris and others, The Story of Ahiqar (Cambridge, 1913).

AESOP

  • B.E. Perry, Aesopica I (1952), 529–550 (on Syntipas).
  • B. Lefevre, La version syriaque des Fables d'Esope (1941).

KALILAH and DIMNAH

  • English translation of second Syriac version by Keith Falconer (1885).

SINDBAD

  • English translation of Syriac by Gollancz, Folk Lore 8 (1897), 99–130.
  • B.E. Perry, The Origin of the Book of Sindbad, Fabula 3 (1959).

ALEXIS

  • Edition and French translation of the Life by A. Amiaud (1889).
  • Study by H.J.W. Drijvers in idem, East of Antioch (London, 1984), ch.5.

MARY, niece of Abraham

  • English translation in S.P. Brock & S. Harvey, Holy Women of the Syrian Orient (1987), 27–39.

PSEUDO-METHODIOS

  • English translation by P. J. Alexander, The Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition (1985), 36–51
  • Selections in A. Palmer, The Seventh Century in West-Syrian Chronicles (1993), 222–250.
  • Earliest Greek recension edited by A. Lolos (1976).

Greek into Syriac

SECUNDUS

  • English translation in S.P. Brock, Studies in Syriac Christianity (1992), ch.IX.

ALEXANDER

  • English translation of Syriac texts in E.A.W. Budge, The History of Alexander the Great (1898).
  • For other Syriac texts, see S.P. Brock, Studies in Syriac Christianity, ch.VIII. 
  • See also G. Reinink, CSCO Scriptores Syri 195–196 (1983). [poem attributed to Jacob of Serugh]

ARISTOTLE, Organon

  • H. Hugonnard-Roche, "L'intermediaire syriaque dans la transmission de la philosophie grecque a l'arabe: Le cas de l'Organon d'Aristote", Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 1 (1991), 187–209. [and articles in Journal Asiatique 1987, 1989; and ARAM 3 (1991), 193–210].
  • S.P. Brock, "The Syriac Commentary Tradition", in C. Burnett (ed), Glosses and Commentaries on Aristotelian Logical Texts (1993), 3–18.

POPULAR PHILOSOPHY

  • S.P. Brock, “From Antagonism to Assimilation: Syriac Attitudes to Greek Learning”, reprinted in S.P. Brock, Syriac Perspectives, ch.V., esp. notes 103–119.

MEDICINE

  • M.W. Dols, "Syriac into Arabic: The Transmission of Greek Medicine”, ARAM 1 (1989), 45–52.

MYTHOLOGY

  • S.P. Brock, The Syriac Version of the Ps. Nonnos Mythological Scholia (1971).

Translation Technique

  • S.P. Brock, "Aspects of Translation Technique in Antiquity", reprinted in Syriac Perspectives, ch.III.
  • ———, "Towards a History of Syriac Translation Technique", reprinted in Studies in Syriac Christianity, ch.X.
  • ———, "The Syriac Background to Hunayn's Translation Techniques”, ARAM 3 (1991), 139–162.

Some Individual Translators

6th Century

  • Sergius of Resh'aina
  • Probus(?)

7th Centry

  • Paul of Edessa [Gregory of Nazianzus]
  • Paul of Tella [Syrohexapla]
  • Thomas of Harkel [Harklean NT]
  • Severus Sebokht
  • Athanasius of Balad
  • Jacob of Edessa

9th Century

  • Hunayn ibn Ishaq
  • Ishaq ibn Hunayn
  • (and many others)

 

Poetry and the Bible in Syriac Tradition

S.P. Brock, The Luminous Eye (1985; revised edition 1992). Also in French: L'Oeil de lumiere: La vision spirituelle de saint Ephrem (Spiritualité orientale 50; Abbaye de Bellefontaine, 1991). [trans. D. Rance]

———, "Syriac and Greek Hymnography: Problems of Origins", Studia Patristica 16 (1985), 77–81. [Reprinted in Studies in Syriac Christianity, ch.VI]

———, "Dramatic Dialogue Poems", Symposium Syriacum IV (OCA 229; 1987), 135–147.

———, "From Ephrem to Romanos", Studia Patristica 20 (1989), 139–151.

———, "Syriac Dispute Poems: The Various Types", in G. Reinink and H. Vanstiphout (eds), Dispute Poems and Dialogues (OCA 42; 1991), 109–119.

———, "Two Syriac Verse Homilies on the Binding of Isaac", Le Muséon 99 (1986), 61–129.

———, "A Syriac Verse Homily on Elijah and the Widow of Sarepta", Le Muséon 102 (1989), 93–113 [French translation in "L'homélie dans le saint prophete Élie d'après les pères de l'église" (Spiritualité orientale 53; Abbaye de Bellefontaine, 1992), 422–431.]

S. Hopkins, "A Verse Homily on Abraham and Sarah in Egypt: Syriac Original with Early Arabic Translation", Le Muséon 105 (1992), 87–146.

F. Graffin, "Le soghitha du cherubin et du larron", L'Orient syrien 12 (1967), 481–490.

A.N. Palmer, "The Merchant of Nisibis: Saint Ephrem and his Faithful Quest for Union in Numbers", in J. den Boeft and A. Hilhorst (eds), Early Christian Poetry: A Collection of Essays (Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 22; 1993), 167–233.

W.L. Petersen, "The Dependence of Romanos the Melodist upon the Syriac Ephrem: Its Importance for the Origin of the Kontakion", Vigiliae Christianae 39 (1985), 171–187.

L. Van Rompay, "Romanos le Mélode: Un poète syrien à Constantinople", in J. den Boeft and A. Hilhorst (eds), Early Christian Poetry (Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 22, 1993), 283–296.

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