Who was Thomas Whittemore?

  • Young Thomas Whittemore

  • Drawing of a young Thomas Whittemore, ca. 1898

  • Portrait of Thomas Whittemore

  • Thomas Whittemore in Egypt

  • Thomas Whittemore at the Egypt Exploration Society excavations at Abydos

Today we owe a great deal to Thomas Whittemore and his affiliates for their efforts to understand, protect, and preserve sites of the utmost historic significance. Read through the narrative sections to the left to gain a better understanding of his multi-faceted life.

Thomas Whittemore is perhaps best remembered for founding the Byzantine Institute, an organization that specialized in the study, restoration, and conservation of Byzantine art and architecture, in 1930. Overseeing the Institute’s fieldwork projects and publication efforts until his sudden death in 1950, Whittemore made a name for himself among Byzantinists and art historians alike when he initiated an unprecedented restoration and conservation project at Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey, in December of 1931. How an English professor and amateur archaeologist from the United States convinced the Turkish government to permit an international team of fieldworkers to restore and conserve the building’s priceless mosaics—to convert what was at the time a mosque into a worksite and subsequently a museum—remains something of a mystery.

So, how did Whittemore make his way to Turkey? How did he, moreover, manage to create and sustain a complex organization like the Byzantine Institute in the midst of the Great Depression, a time in which introversion was the way of the West? Why, for that matter, did he turn his eyes toward Byzantium?


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Who was Thomas Whittemore?