Ecology and the Arts in Ancient Panama
On the Development of Social Rank and Symbolism in the Central Provinces
Olga F. Linares
Dumbarton Oaks Pre-Columbian Art and Archaeology Studies Series
Art History, Archaeology, Pre-Columbian Studies
ISBN: 978-0-88402-069-1, Paperback, 1977, Buy here
ISBN: 978-0-88402-069-1, Paperback, 1977, Available online
This text may be freely downloaded here.
Olga Linares offers a reinterpretation of the Classic rank-societies of the central Panamanian provinces based on archaeological, ecological, iconographic, ethnohistoric, and ethnographic evidence, and concludes that the art style of this area used animal motifs as a metaphor in expressing the qualities of aggression and hostility characteristic of social and political life in the central provinces.
Studies in Pre-Columbian Art and Archaeology, Number 17