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Ecology and the Arts in Ancient Panama

On the Development of Social Rank and Symbolism in the Central Provinces

Olga F. Linares

Dumbarton Oaks Pre-Columbian Art and Archaeology Studies Series

Art History, Archaeology, Pre-Columbian Studies

This text may be freely downloaded here.

Olga Linares offers a reinterpretation of the Classic rank-societies of the central Panamanian provinces based on archaeological, ecological, iconographic, ethnohistoric, and ethnographic evidence, and concludes that the art style of this area used animal motifs as a metaphor in expressing the qualities of aggression and hostility characteristic of social and political life in the central provinces.

Studies in Pre-Columbian Art and Archaeology, Number 17


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