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The Crusades from the Perspective of Byzantium and the Muslim World

Angeliki E. Laiou and Roy Parviz Mottahedeh, editors

The Crusades from the Perspective of Byzantium and the Muslim World is the result of scholarly reassessments of the Crusades on the 900th anniversary of the appearance of crusading armies outside Nicaea. The views expressed here complement the considerable number of other examinations that focused on the internal, Western, aspects of the movement on the 900th anniversary of the Council of Clermont. 

The volume opens with an introduction to the historiography of the Crusades, followed by wide-ranging discussions covering four topics: holy war in Byzantium and Islam; the approaches and attitudes of the various peoples affected by and involved in the Crusades; the movement's effect on the economies of the eastern Mediterranean; and the influence of the Crusades on the art and architecture of the East. 

The essays in this volume demonstrate that there were, on the eastern shores of the Mediterranean, rich, variegated, and important phenomena associated with the Crusades, and that a full understanding of the significance of the movement and its impact on both the East and West must take these phenomena into account.

Published 2001

This book is currently unavailable in print.



I Introduction

Giles Constable, The Historiography of the Crusades

II Crusades and Holy War

Roy Parviz Mottahedeh and Ridwan al-Sayyid, The Idea of the Jihad in Islam before the Crusades

George T. Dennis, Defenders of the Christian People: Holy War in Byzantium

III Approaches and Attitudes

M. C. Lyons, The Land of War: Europe in the Arab Hero Cycles

Nadia Maria El-Cheikh, Byzantium through the Islamic Prism from the Twelfth to the Thirteenth Century

Robert W. Thomson, The Crusaders through Armenian Eyes

Alexander Kazhdan, Latins and Franks in Byzantium: Perception and Reality from the Eleventh to the Twelfth Century

Elizabeth Jeffreys and Michael Jeffreys, The "Wild Beast from the West": Immediate Literary Reactions in Byzantium to the Second Crusade

Tia M. Kolbaba, Byzantine Perceptions of Latin Religious "Errors ": Themes and Changes from 850 to 1350

IV The Crusades and the Economy of the Eastern Mediterranean

Olivia Remie Constable, Funduq, Fondaco, and Khan in the Wake of Christian Commerce and Crusade

Angeliki E. Laiou, with an Appendix by Cécile Morrisson, Byzantine Trade with Christians and Muslims and the Crusades

David Jacoby, Changing Economic Patterns in Latin Romania: The Impact of the West

V Art and Architecture

Oleg Grabar, The Crusades and the Development of Islamic Art

Charalambos Bouras, The Impact of Frankish Architecture on Thirteenth-Century Byzantine Architecture

Sharon E. J. Gerstel, Art and Identity in the Medieval Morea

List of Abbreviations


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