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Theodore hypatos, son of David (eighth century)

 
 

Obverse

Cruciform invocative monogram (type V). Circular inscription between two borders of dots.

..σωδουλωκι.ωσω....

Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ καὶ τῷ σῷ . . .

Reverse

Cruciform monogram, reading Θεοδώρῳ. Circular inscription between two borders of dots.

.πατωυ.ωδαυι.

Θεοδώρῳ πάτῳ ὑίῳ Δαυίδ

Obverse

Cruciform invocative monogram (type V). Circular inscription between two borders of dots.

..σωδουλωκι.ωσω....

Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ καὶ τῷ σῷ . . .

Reverse

Cruciform monogram, reading Θεοδώρῳ. Circular inscription between two borders of dots.

.πατωυ.ωδαυι.

Θεοδώρῳ πάτῳ ὑίῳ Δαυίδ

Accession number BZS.1947.2.1611
Diameter 30.0 mm; field: 16.0 mm

Translation

Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ καὶ τῷ σῷ . . . Θεοδώρῳ ὑπάτῳ ὑίῳ Δαυίδ.

Theotokos, help your servant and your attendant Theodore hypatos, son of David.

Commentary

In his unpublished catalogue of the Shaw collection, Laurent postulate that there is a family name after δούλῳ in the obverse circular inscription, and moreover dates this seal to the ninth/tenth century. However the style of the seal is much more reminiscent of the eighth century, and in the eighth century--or indeed even in the early tenth, it would be beyond surprising to find a family name on a seal, let alone in such a strange place within the inscription. More likely this is continuation of the invocation as the remains of the inscription seem to indicate.