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Antonios proedros (metropolitan) of Tourkia, monk and synkellos (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1947.2.414
Diameter 26 mm
Field diameter 19 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 36.1.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 472; prior publications by Laurent, Recueil, 275-88, esp. 287 and Académie Roumaine. Bulletin de la Section Historique 23/2 (1943), 147-58, esp. 153 (correct reading).

Obverse

St. Demetrios standing frontally, holding spear, his left hand resting on shield set on the ground. Inscription in two columns: .|Δ|Η.Τ|Ρ|Ι|Ο|Σ: ἅγιος Δημήτριος. Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of six lines, decoration above. Border of dots.


σφργισ
ντνι
συγκ,λS
πρεδρ
τουρκι
Σ

Σφραγὶς Ἀντωνίου μοναχοῦ, συγκέλλου καὶ πρωέδρου Τουρκίας

Translation

Σφραγὶς Ἀντωνίου μοναχοῦ, συγκέλλου καὶ πρωέδρου Τουρκίας.

Seal of Antonios monachos, synkellos and metropolitan of Tourkia.

Commentary

Laurent was inclined to attribute this seal to the bishop of the Vardariotai Tourkoi (suffragan of Thessalonica, cf. DO Seals 1, § 26) and argued that the image of St. Demetrios on the obverse suggested some relationship with Thessalonica. But the name Τουρκία shows that Anthony's see must have been in Hungary. St. Demetrios was also the patron saint of Sirmium.

Tourkia is the middle Byzantine name of Hungary. Some Hungarians in the eastern part of the country received Christianity from Constantinople in 948 and again in 1002, and a metropolis of Tourkia was established. In the twelfth century, this was centered at Bács. In addition to the owner of this seal, we also know of a certain John metropolitan of Tourkia, who attended the patriarchal synod in 1028. Moreover, an otherwise unknown Greek metropolitan founded a monastery in Hungary, also during the first half of the eleventh century. On all this, see. N. Oikonomides, "Le métropolite de Turquie," RESEE 9 [1971], 527-533. The metropolis appears in only one notitia episcopatuum: Darrouzès, Notitiae, no. 13, line 803.

Accession number BZS.1947.2.414
Diameter 26 mm
Field diameter 19 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 36.1.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 472; prior publications by Laurent, Recueil, 275-88, esp. 287 and Académie Roumaine. Bulletin de la Section Historique 23/2 (1943), 147-58, esp. 153 (correct reading).

Accession number BZS.1947.2.414
Diameter 26 mm
Field diameter 19 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 36.1.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 472; prior publications by Laurent, Recueil, 275-88, esp. 287 and Académie Roumaine. Bulletin de la Section Historique 23/2 (1943), 147-58, esp. 153 (correct reading).

Notes

Accession number BZS.1947.2.414
Diameter 26 mm
Field diameter 19 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 36.1.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 472; prior publications by Laurent, Recueil, 275-88, esp. 287 and Académie Roumaine. Bulletin de la Section Historique 23/2 (1943), 147-58, esp. 153 (correct reading).

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