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Philaretos illoustrios, exaktor and judge of the East (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.139
Diameter 30 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 86.34.

Obverse

Inscription of five lines followed by an ornament. Border of dots.

ΚΡ,ΤΗΣ
ΕΣΦΙ
ΛΡΕΤ,Σ
ΕΞΚ
ΤΡ
 

Κριτὴς Ἐώας Φιλάρετος ἐξάκτωρ

Reverse

Inscription of five lines preceded and followed by an ornament. Border of dots.


.ΛΛΟΥ,
.ΤΡΙΟΣ
.ΣΥΜΟ
ΛΟΝΦΕ
.ΤΟΔΕ
 

λλούστριός τε σύμβολον φέρει τόδε

Translation

Κριτὴς Ἐώας Φιλάρετος ἐξάκτωρ ἰλλούστριός τε σύμβολον φέρει τόδε.

The judge of the East, Philaretos, exactor and illoustrios, bears this token.

Commentary

Two correct verses of twelve syllables. For the judicial office of exaktor and the archaic title of illoustrios (typical of the mid-11th century), see Listes, 325-26; TM 6 (1976), 134, note 54. We consider that this Philaretos (who most probably has nothing to do with his famous Armenian namesake Brachamios, who became doux of Antioch) was a judge of the theme of the Anatolikoi and that he used the non-technical word Ἐώας ("East") in place of the intractable "Anatolikoi" to fit the metrics. This would account for a title that otherwise defies explanation, since in the eleventh century the judge had authority over a given province, not the entire "east" as this inscription at first sight suggests.

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.139
Diameter 30 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 86.34.

Notes

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.139
Diameter 30 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 86.34.

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