You are here: Home / Publications & Online Resources / Byzantine Seals / Search the Catalogue / John archbishop of Bulgaria (twelfth century)

John archbishop of Bulgaria (twelfth century)

Accession Number:
BZS.1951.31.5.2400

Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 29.7.
Laurent, Corpus V/2, no. 1497 (listed as Fogg 476).
A specimen with the same iconography and reverse inscription, probably belonging to the same person but from a different boulloterion, was published in Zacos, Seals II, no. 514.

Details

Diameter:
33 mm
Field:
28 mm
Weight:
23.11 g

Obverse

John archbishop of Bulgaria (twelfth century)

The Annunciation. Gabriel approaches the Virgin, seated on a throne and holding a spindle. Vertical inscription in center: Ο.ΕΡΕ|ΤΙΣ|Μ|Ο|Σ: Ὁ Χερετισμός. Border of dots.

Reverse

John archbishop of Bulgaria (twelfth century)

Inscription of six lines, cross above. Border of dots.


ΤῸΝΠΟΙ
ΜΕΝΆΡΧ
ΛΓΆΡΝΙ
ΠΙῸΝΜΟΝΑΗ.
ΜΗΤΡΟΠΆΡΘΕ
ΝΕΣΚΕΠΟΙΣ

Τὸν ποιμενάρχην Βουλγάρων Ἰωάννην πιστὸν μοναστήν, μητροπάρθενε, σκέποις

Translation

Τὸν ποιμενάρχην Βουλγάρων Ἰωάννην πιστὸν μοναστήν, μητροπάρθενε, σκέποις.

Virgin Mother, may you protect the faithful monk John, archbishop of Bulgaria.

Audio

Commentary

Some accents; two twelve-syllable verses. Laurent was inclined to attribute this specimen to John Kamateros, who was appointed during the reign of Alexios III (1195-1203); he preferred this attribution rather than opting for Hadrian-John, nephew of Emperor Alexios and archbishop of Bulgaria in the mid-twelfth century (from before 1143 to sometime between 1157 and 1164). We think, however, that the attribution to Hadrian-John is more likely for epigraphic as well as historical reasons: the ligature disappears after the middle of the twelfth century; and Hadrian-John was in fact a monk and stressed this in his signature of 1157 (Gelzer, Achrida, 9), while nothing of the sort is known about John Kamateros.

 

Document Actions