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Euphemios tourmarches and kleisourarches of Taron (tenth/eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.839
Diameter 26 mm
Field diameter 19 mm
Condition Flattened on one side.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 76.4.

Obverse

Bust of St. George holding a spear in his right hand. Inscription in two columns: |γε||ρ-γ.|ο. : Ὁ ἅ(γιος) Γεώργ[ι]ο[ς]. Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of five lines, decorations above and below.


+κεR,θ,
ευφ,μ,τ,
μαρχ,Sκλ
..ραρχι
.αρο

Κ(ύρι)ε β(οή)θ(ει) Εὐφ(η)μ(ίῳ) τ(ουρ)μάρχ(ῃ) (καὶ) κλ[εισου]ράρχι [Τ]αρό(ν)

Translation

Κύριε βοήθει Εὐφημίῳ τουρμάρχῃ καὶ κλεισουράρχι Ταρόν.

Lord, help Euphemios, tourmarches and kleisourarches of Taron.

Commentary

This is a very curious seal, with one person accumulating the offices of tourmarches and of kleisourarches for a region that was probably a theme and had its own strategos. This must have been an ad hoc arrangement invented for the sake of a local chieftain.

Taron embraces the region west of Lake Van. During the first half of the Xth century, the principality of Taron maintained a semi-independent status on the periphery of the Byzantine empire (De Adm. Imp., chapter 43, and Commentary, 156-67). During the reigns of Leo VI and Romanos I, Taronite princes received the title of strategos, but Taron did not become a proper theme until absorbed by the empire in 966-967 (cf. Oikonomides, Listes, 355-56). Taron was lost to the Turks after Manzikert. See Yuzbashian, “Administration byzantine,” 140-54.

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.839
Diameter 26 mm
Field diameter 19 mm
Condition Flattened on one side.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 76.4.

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.839
Diameter 26 mm
Field diameter 19 mm
Condition Flattened on one side.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 76.4.

Notes

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.839
Diameter 26 mm
Field diameter 19 mm
Condition Flattened on one side.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 76.4.

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