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Theodore Beriboes, protospatharios and strategos (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.84
Diameter 22 mm
Condition Blank too small. Struck off center
Previous Editions

Oikonomides, “Usual Lead Seal,” 149–50, figs. 1d (obv.) and 2d (rev.)

Obverse

Bust of St. Theodore, wearing a chlamys and holding a spear in his right hand and a shield in his left. Vertical inscription at left and right: .|ΘΕ|Ο – .|Ω̣|Ρ̣,: [Ὁ ἅ(γιος)] Θεό[δ]ωρ(ος). Traces of circular inscription at left. Border of dots.

κεροηθιτσλ

Κύριε βοήθι τῷ σῷ δούλ

Reverse

Inscription of five lines (four visible). Border of dots.

θεο
ρ,σπθ,
sστρτι,
τrερη
rοη

Θεοδώρ πρωτοσπαθαρίῳ καὶ στρατιγῷ τῷ Βερηβόῃ

Translation

Κύριε βοήθι τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Θεοδώρῳ πρωτοσπαθαρίῳ καὶ στρατιγῷ τῷ Βερηβόῃ.

Lord, help your servant Theodore Beriboes, protospatharios and strategos.

Commentary

A certain Beriboes was strategos of Chios and defeated a party of Arab pirates in 1028; but as his first name is not attested, we cannot say whether he is identical with the owner of our seal; see Skylitzes, Synopsis historiarum, 373. Another Beriboes, a seditious Vlach (no first name mentioned), lived in Larissa under the reign of Constantine X Doukas (1057–67), but he was certainly not a strategos; Litavrin, Sovety i rasskazy Kekavmena, 256 and 527, n. 937 (Slavic etymology of the name). Two other members of the same family, Manuel and Nikephoros, are attested in the letters of Michael Choniates: they belonged to the aristocracy of southern Greece at the beginning of the thirteenth century; Stadtmüller, Michael Choniaties, Metropolit von Athen, 193, 258, 262, 263, 266, 273.

This is one of eighteen specimens from the same boulleterion belonging to Theodore Beriboes in the Dumbarton Oaks and Fogg collections.

Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Bequest of Thomas Whittemore.

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.84
Diameter 22 mm
Condition Blank too small. Struck off center
Previous Editions

Oikonomides, “Usual Lead Seal,” 149–50, figs. 1d (obv.) and 2d (rev.)

Bibliography

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.84
Diameter 22 mm
Condition Blank too small. Struck off center
Previous Editions

Oikonomides, “Usual Lead Seal,” 149–50, figs. 1d (obv.) and 2d (rev.)

Notes