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Eustratios Botaneiates, patrikios, anthypatos, and strategos of Zebel (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS 1951.31.5.874
Diameter 28 mm
Condition Blank too small for die.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 5 no. 13.1. Similar seals published in Sig., 318, no. 2 (without illustration). See also SBS 3 (1993): 197, 199. Parallel in Vienna: Wassiliou-Seibt, Die byzantinischen Bleisiegel in Österreich II, no. 307.

Obverse

St. Demetrios standing, holding a spear in his right hand, his left hand resting on a shield set on the ground. Traces of a vertical inscription at right: Τ.|Ι. : [Ὁ ἅ(γιος) Δημή]τ[ρ]ι[ος]. Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of six lines. Border of dots.

ΣΤΡΑΤ
Π̅Ρ̅ΙΚΙΑΝ
ΥΠΑΤΚΑΙ
.Τ.......
ΖΕΕΛΤΟ
ΟΤ,ΝΙΑΤ,

[Εὐ]στρατ[ίῳ] π(ατ)ρικίῳ, ἀν[θ]υπ[ά]τῳ, καὶ [σ]τ[ρατηγ]ῷ [τοῦ] Ζεβέλου το Βοτ(α)νιάτ(ῃ)

Translation

Εὐστρατίῳ πατρικίῳ, ἀνθυπάτῳ, καὶ στρατηγῷ τοῦ Ζεβέλου το Βοτανιάτῃ.

Eustratios Botaneiates, patrikios, anthypatos, and strategos of Zebel.

Commentary

The identification of Zebel with Gabala is based on Anna Komnena’s statement that the strategaton of Gabala was also called Zebel in imitation of the local pronunciation (Alexiade, 135). Gabala/Zebel was made the seat of a strategos by John Tzimiskes in 975 (Yahya, 369) and placed under the authority of the doux of Antioch. The use of Arabs as local officials is shown on the seal of Abdellas, kouropalates and judge of Zebel, published by Cheynet, Collection Zacos, no. 51. The town remained in Byzantine hands until 1080: see Todt, “Region,” 417–18.

The obverse of this seal is poorly preserved, but the identity of the saint is confirmed by the other seals of Eustratios Botaneiates.

Accession number BZS 1951.31.5.874
Diameter 28 mm
Condition Blank too small for die.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 5 no. 13.1. Similar seals published in Sig., 318, no. 2 (without illustration). See also SBS 3 (1993): 197, 199. Parallel in Vienna: Wassiliou-Seibt, Die byzantinischen Bleisiegel in Österreich II, no. 307.

Notes

Accession number BZS 1951.31.5.874
Diameter 28 mm
Condition Blank too small for die.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 5 no. 13.1. Similar seals published in Sig., 318, no. 2 (without illustration). See also SBS 3 (1993): 197, 199. Parallel in Vienna: Wassiliou-Seibt, Die byzantinischen Bleisiegel in Österreich II, no. 307.

Parallels

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