You are here:Home/Resources/ Byzantine Seals/ Search the Catalogue/ Paul, metropolitan of Nicaea (eighth/ninth century)

Paul, metropolitan of Nicaea (eighth/ninth century)

Accession number BZS.1955.1.4830
Diameter 28 mm
Field diameter 25 mm
Condition Broken at channel openings; bent.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3 no. 59.11.
Zacos-Veglery, no. 1348.


The Virgin standing, holding the Child. On either side, block monograms reading Θεοτόκε and βοήθη. Wreath border.

Θεοτόκε βοήθη


In the center, a cruciform monogram reading Παύλῳ. Along the circumference, between the inner circle of dots and outer wreath border, an inscription beginning at 12 o'clock:


Παύλῳ μητροπολιτῃ Νηκαίας


Θεοτόκε βοήθη Παύλῳ μητροπολίτῃ Νικαίας.

Mother of God, help Paul, metropolitan of Nicaea.


Zacos-Veglery dated this specimen to the seventh or eighth century. Granted, the letter forms are archaic and could justify such a date; but we prefer to place it in the years of the iconophile reaction (between 787-815) because of the iconography of the obverse and of the existence of a second border of dots on the reverse.