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Eustratios Garidas, patriarch of Constantinople (1081–84)

Accession Number:
BZS.1955.1.4953 (formerly DO 55.1.4953)

Previous Editions

DO Seals 6 no. 120.1; Zacos, Seals 2: 19b; Oikonomides, Dated Lead Seals, no. 100; and Laurent, Corpus 5.1: no. 20. Laurent refers to a similar seal (different boulloterion) published by Ébersolt, Sceaux, pl. VIII, no. 10 (reproduced in Galavaris, “Thokos,” pl. 54), but the specimen that Laurent illustrates on pl. 3 is that of Dumbarton Oaks. A parallel specimen, found in the area of the law courts of Mytilene, has been published by V. Pennas, “Byzantine Lead Seals from Chios and Lesbos,” SBS 2 (1990): 168, no. 2. Another parallel specimen, this one found in Kiev (northwest tower, St. Sophia cathedral), has recently been republished in Bulgakova, Osteuropa, no. 1.3.2 (with older bibliography). Cf. Galavaris, “Thokos,”, no. 23 (p. 175).

Details

Diameter:
36 mm
Weight:
41.90 g

Obverse

Eustratios Garidas, patriarch of Constantinople (1081–84)

The Mother of God, seated on a backless throne, holding Christ on her knees. At left and right, sigla ..-ΘV: [Μ(ήτη)ρ] Θ(εο)ῦ. Border of dots.

Reverse

Eustratios Garidas, patriarch of Constantinople (1081–84)

Inscription of nine lines. Border of dots.

Eustratios Garidas, patriarch of Constantinople (1081–84)

Εὐστράτιος ἐλέῳ Θ(εο)ῦ ἀρχ(ι)επίσκοπ[ος] Κωνσταντι[νου]πόλεως Νέα[ς] Ῥώμης καὶ ο[ἰ]κουμενικ(ὸς) π(ατ)ριάρχ(ης).

Translation

Εὐστράτιος ἐλέῳ Θεοῦ ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντινουπόλεως Νέας Ῥώμης καὶ οἰκουμενικὸς πατριάρχης.

Eustratios, by the grace of God, archbishop of Constantinople, the New Rome, and ecumenical patriarch.

Audio

Commentary

The Garidai had already risen to prominence by the beginning of the tenth century: see Cheynet, Pouvoir, 363, n. 26. In the eleventh century, the family produced a jurist, who was appointed professor of law at the school that Constantine Monomachos founded in 1047. In the second half of the century it could claim a skribas named Constantine and in 1081 a patriarch. It is unknown if Eustratios was a member of the civil administration prior to his elevation. We know only that at that moment he was a monk and eunuch and enjoyed the patronage of Anna Dalassena, who played an active role in pressuring Kosmas to abdicate. See Laurent, Corpus 2: no. 1198. He is remembered for yielding to the pleas of Isaakios the sebastokrator that the gold and silver plate and ornaments of icons be melted down for coin to help protect the Empire, and for convoking a synod that condemned John Italos. Eustratios in turn was obliged to abdicate, retiring to the monastery of the Rouphinianai. See Skoulatos, Personnages, 87–88.

 

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