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John horreiarios of Panarmos (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.2266
Diameter 21 mm
Condition Corroded (obv.)
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 62.2.


Faint bust of the Virgin holding Christ. No sigla, inscription, or border visible.


Inscription of four lines, the final two letters between horizontal bars. Indeterminate border.


Κ(ύρι)ε β(οή)θ(ει) Ἰω(άννῃ) ὁρ(ι)αρί(ῳ) Πανάρμου


Κύριε βοήθει Ἰωάννῃ ὁριαρίῳ Πανάρμου.

Lord, help John, horreiarios of Panarmos.


Today Panormos is Bandirma, east of Kyzikos (the dates of our seals rule out the Sicilian Panormos = Palermo). The city has been famous down to the present day as a center of exports of agricultural produce, and this shows in the numerous seals of horrearioi that are preserved. It seems that the original name was Panarmos (this seal, BZS.1955.1.2409) and was transformed in Greek as Panormos because of a false etymology.