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Marianos imperial protospatharios and doux of Calabria (eighth/ninth centuries)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.2323
Diameter 32 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 4.4.
Zacos-Veglery, no. 2626.

Obverse

Cruciform invocative monogram (type V); in the quarters: ΤΣΛ. No visible border.

Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ

Reverse

Inscription in four lines. No visible border.

μρην
β//σπ/S
δουκικλ
ρισ

Μαριανῷ βασιλικῷ πρωτοσπαθαρίῳ καὶ δουκὶ Καλαβρίας

Translation

Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Μαριανῷ βασιλικῷ πρωτοσπαθαρίῳ καὶ δουκὶ Καλαβρίας.

Theotokos, help your servant Marianos imperial protospatharios and doux of Calabria.

Commentary

The reading of the first name is not certain.

Calabria became a duchy around the middle of the seventh century (cf Falkenhausen, Dominazione, 7) and continued to be so through the first half of the ninth century, subordinate to the strategos of Sicily, who was in control of the eastern portion of the island; both the doux and strategos appear in the Uspenskij Taktikon (842-843).

After the fall of Taormina in 902, the strategos of Sicily moved to Calabria but kept his traditional name, although in the narrative sources he is called strategos of Calabria. This title appears in official sources by the mid-tenth century (Listes, 356; Falkenhausen, Dominazione, 30), though doukes of Calabria were still appointed in the late ninth–early tenth century, as can be seen from BZS.1955.1.1389 and BZS.1958.106.3191.

Accession number BZS.1958.106.2323
Diameter 32 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 4.4.
Zacos-Veglery, no. 2626.

Notes

Accession number BZS.1958.106.2323
Diameter 32 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 4.4.
Zacos-Veglery, no. 2626.

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