You are here:Home/Resources/ Byzantine Seals/ Search the Catalogue/ Anonymous (eleventh century)

Anonymous (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.2970
Diameter 23 mm
Field diameter 18 mm
Condition Chipped, breaks at each end of channel, channel partially open and cracked on obverse and reverse.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 7, 5.8. 

Obverse

Bust of the Virgin orans. Sigla: ̅ – ΘΥ: Μή(τη)ρ Θ(εο)ῦ. Border of dots.

Reverse

Bust of Saint Theodore Tiron in military costume, holding a lance in his right hand and a shield in his left. Inscription in two columns: |Θ|Ε|Ο|Δ,|Ο|Σ|Ο|ΤΙΡ, : ὁ ἅ(γιος) Θεόδ(ω)ρος ὁ Τίρων.

Commentary

Saint Theodore, one of the most common saints on seals, is usually shown without an epithet. Of the 747 examples of Theodore’s image found among the published collections, just 15 occur with the epithet Tiron and 26 with that of Stratelates. On seals both epithets begin to appear in the eleventh century. For a discussion of the cult of Theodore and the history of the two epithets, see  Oikonomides, “Le dédoublement,” 327-335; Walter, “Theodore,” 185-189; idem, Warrior Saints, 44-66; Cotsonis, “Contribution,” 448-457; Drpić, “The Serres Icon,” 646-652; and Haldon, A Tale of Two Saints, 1-17. 

For a parallel seal, see Istanbul, no. 10.41

Accession number BZS.1958.106.2970
Diameter 23 mm
Field diameter 18 mm
Condition Chipped, breaks at each end of channel, channel partially open and cracked on obverse and reverse.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 7, 5.8.