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Germanos III Markoutzas, patriarch of Constantinople (1265–66)

Accession Number:
BZS.1958.106.311 (formerly DO 58.106.311)

Previous Editions

DO Seals 6 no. 125.1; Zacos, Seals 2: no. 38b (Germanos III); Laurent, Corpus 5.3: no. 1633 (Germanos II). Cf. Seibt’s review of Laurent’s Corpus 5 in ByzSl 35 (1974): no. 1633 and Galavaris, “Thokos,” no. 52 (p. 179).

Details

Diameter:
40 mm
Weight:
48.37 g
Condition:
Corroded.

Obverse

Germanos III Markoutzas, patriarch of Constantinople (1265–66)

The Mother of God, seated on a high-back throne. Details of scene indistinct. No epigraphy or border visible.

Reverse

Germanos III Markoutzas, patriarch of Constantinople (1265–66)

Inscription of eight lines. No border visible.

Germanos III Markoutzas, patriarch of Constantinople (1265–66)

Γερμανὸς ἐλέῳ Θ(εο)ῦ ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντνιουπόλ[ε]ως Νέας Ῥώμης καὶ [οἰ]κουμενηκὸς πατριάρχης.

Translation

Γερμανὸς ἐλέῳ Θεοῦ ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντνιουπόλεως Νέας Ῥώμης καὶ οἰκουμενηκὸς πατριάρχης.

Germanos, by the grace of God, archbishop of Constantinople, the New Rome, and ecumenical patriarch.

Audio

Commentary

Note the interesting spelling mistakes: Κωνσταντνιουπόλ[ε]ως and [οἰ]κουμενηκός. We have preferred to assign this seal to Germanos III because the decoration of the Virgin’s throne is quite different than on seals attributed to Germanos II (see Zacos, Seals 2: no. 35).

 

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