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Germanos III Markoutzas, patriarch of Constantinople (1265–66)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.311 (formerly DO 58.106.311)
Diameter 40 mm
Condition Corroded.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 6, no. 125.1; Zacos, Seals 2: no. 38b (Germanos III); Laurent, Corpus 5.3: no. 1633 (Germanos II). Cf. Seibt’s review of Laurent’s Corpus 5 in ByzSl 35 (1974): no. 1633 and Galavaris, “Thokos,” no. 52 (p. 179).

Obverse

The Mother of God, seated on a high-back throne. Details of scene indistinct. No epigraphy or border visible.

Reverse

Inscription of eight lines. No border visible.

.ΓΕΡΑΝΟΣ
ΕΛΕΩΘΥΑΡΧΙ
ΕΠΙΣΚΟΠΟΣΚΩΝ
ΑΝΤΝΙΠΟΛ.ΩΣ
ΝΕΑΣΡΩΜΗΣΚΑΙ.
ΜΕΝΗΚΟΣ
ΠΑΤΡΙΑΡΧ
ΗΣ

Γερμανὸς ἐλέῳ Θ(εο)ῦ ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντνιουπόλ[ε]ως Νέας Ῥώμης καὶ [οἰ]κουμενηκὸς πατριάρχης.

Translation

Γερμανὸς ἐλέῳ Θεοῦ ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντνιουπόλεως Νέας Ῥώμης καὶ οἰκουμενηκὸς πατριάρχης.

Germanos, by the grace of God, archbishop of Constantinople, the New Rome, and ecumenical patriarch.

Commentary

Note the interesting spelling mistakes: Κωνσταντνιουπόλ[ε]ως and [οἰ]κουμενηκός. We have preferred to assign this seal to Germanos III because the decoration of the Virgin’s throne is quite different than on seals attributed to Germanos II (see Zacos, Seals 2: no. 35).

Accession number BZS.1958.106.311 (formerly DO 58.106.311)
Diameter 40 mm
Condition Corroded.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 6, no. 125.1; Zacos, Seals 2: no. 38b (Germanos III); Laurent, Corpus 5.3: no. 1633 (Germanos II). Cf. Seibt’s review of Laurent’s Corpus 5 in ByzSl 35 (1974): no. 1633 and Galavaris, “Thokos,” no. 52 (p. 179).

Accession number BZS.1958.106.311 (formerly DO 58.106.311)
Diameter 40 mm
Condition Corroded.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 6, no. 125.1; Zacos, Seals 2: no. 38b (Germanos III); Laurent, Corpus 5.3: no. 1633 (Germanos II). Cf. Seibt’s review of Laurent’s Corpus 5 in ByzSl 35 (1974): no. 1633 and Galavaris, “Thokos,” no. 52 (p. 179).

Notes

Accession number BZS.1958.106.311 (formerly DO 58.106.311)
Diameter 40 mm
Condition Corroded.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 6, no. 125.1; Zacos, Seals 2: no. 38b (Germanos III); Laurent, Corpus 5.3: no. 1633 (Germanos II). Cf. Seibt’s review of Laurent’s Corpus 5 in ByzSl 35 (1974): no. 1633 and Galavaris, “Thokos,” no. 52 (p. 179).

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