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Nicholas III Grammatikos, patriarch of Constantinople (1084–1111)

Accession Number:
BZS.1958.106.314 (formerly DO 58.106.314)

Previous Editions

DO Seals 6 no. 121.1; for similar specimens, see Laurent, Corpus 5.1: no. 21 and N. Zekos, “Βυζαντινά μολυβδόβουλλα του μουσείου Κομοτηνής,” SBS 2 (1990): 175–76, no. 7 (found at Maroneia). Cf. Galavaris, “Thokos,” no. 24.

Details

Diameter:
35 mm
Field:
30 mm
Weight:
24.93 g

Obverse

Nicholas III Grammatikos, patriarch of Constantinople (1084–1111)

The Mother of God, seated on a backless throne, holding Christ on her knees. At left and right, sigla MP-ΘV: Μ(ήτη)ρ Θ(εο)ῦ. Border of dots.

Reverse

Nicholas III Grammatikos, patriarch of Constantinople (1084–1111)

Inscription of eight lines. Border of dots.

Nicholas III Grammatikos, patriarch of Constantinople (1084–1111)

Νικόλαος ἐλέῳ Θ(εο)ῦ ἀρχ(ι)επίσκοπος Κωνσταντ(ι)νουπόλεως Νέας Ῥώμης καὶ οἰκουμενικ(ὸς) π(ατ)ριάρχ(ης).

Translation

Νικόλαος ἐλέῳ Θεοῦ ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντινουπόλεως Νέας Ῥώμης καὶ οἰκουμενικὸς πατριάρχης.

Nicholas, by the mercy of God, archbishop of Constantinople, the New Rome, and ecumenical patriarch.

Audio

Commentary

Eustratios’s successor, Nicholas Kyrdiniates, nicknamed Grammatikos, was originally from Antioch of Pisidia. He studied in the capital at the patriarchal school of St. Peter and afterward was ordained a deacon. Prior to his elevation to the patriarchal throne he was a member of the monastic community of St. John Prodromos of Lophadion, where his remains eventually came to be interred. Among other noteworthy actions, he consecrated Ephraim as metropolitan of Kiev and served as judge at the synod of 1094, which condemned Leo of Chalcedon. See Skoulatos, Personnages, 253–56.

 

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