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Leontios hypatos and kommerkiarios of Chaldia (ninth/tenth century)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.4356
Diameter 19 mm
Condition Broken at both ends of the channel, which runs from ten to four o'clock.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 32.23.

Obverse

Patriarchal cross on three (?) steps. Circular inscription, beginning at seven o'clock. Border of dots.

εRοηθητσδλ

Κ(ύρι)ε βοήθη τῷ σῷ δούλῳ

Reverse

Inscription of five lines. Border of dots.

+λεον
τηουπα
.Sκομ
ερκιαρι
χ..δ/

Λεοντήο ὑπά[τ]ῳ (καὶ) κομερκιαρί(ῳ) Χ[αλ]δ(ίας)

Translation

Κύριε βοήθη τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Λεοντήο ὑπάτῳ καὶ κομερκιαρίῳ Χαλδίας.

Lord, help your servant Leontios, hypatos and kommerkiarios of Chaldia.

Commentary

Originally a tourma of the Armeniakoi, Chaldia is mentioned as a doukaton late in the eighth and early in the ninth century (Konstantopoulos, no. 158a; Zacos-Veglery, nos. 3088A, 3226A). It is not impossible that at this time Chaldia was still part of the Armeniakoi and that its commander could have been called doux of the Armeniakoi (meaning of one part of the theme of the Armeniakoi, i.e. Chaldia). The theme of Chaldia was created in the ninth century, perhaps as early as 824 and no later than 840. It comprised the regions of the Pontos along the southeastern shores of the Black Sea; its administrative center was Trebizond. Because of the important trade routes to Trebizond, the strategos of Chaldia drew half his salary from the state (10 pounds of gold annually) and half from the revenues of the kommerkion. See Listes, 349; Bryer-Winfield, Pontos, 299-318 (316-318, list of officers); Pertusi, De Them., 73, 137-39; Mikra Asia them., 287-297, 459-468 (A. Savvides).

Accession number BZS.1958.106.4356
Diameter 19 mm
Condition Broken at both ends of the channel, which runs from ten to four o'clock.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 32.23.

Notes

Accession number BZS.1958.106.4356
Diameter 19 mm
Condition Broken at both ends of the channel, which runs from ten to four o'clock.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 32.23.

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