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Theophylaktos anthypatos, patrikios, vestes, and doux of Adrianoupolis (tenth/eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.5489
Diameter 28 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 44.1.


Bust of St. George with spear and shield. Vertical inscription: |Γ|Ε.|ΓΙ|Ο: Ὁ ἅγιος Γεώργιος. Border of dots.


Inscription followed by an ornament. Border of dots.


Θεοφύλακτος ἀνθύπατος, πατρίκιος, βέστης καὶ δοὺξ Ἀδριανουπόλεως


Θεοφύλακτος ἀνθύπατος, πατρίκιος, βέστης καὶ δοὺξ Ἀδριανουπόλεως.

Theophylaktos anthypatos, patrikios, vestes and doux of Adrianoupolis.


Adrianoupolis (ancient Oresteias; modern Edirne in Turkish Thrace) was an important way station for the passage between Constantinople and Bulgaria and the capital of the Byzantine theme of Macedonia, the seat of one of its tourmarchai (10th century; DO Seals 1, nos. 44.9-10) and of some early ninth-century kommerkiarioi, undoubtedly related to the north-south river trade of the Bulgarians (cf. Oikonomides, Abydos). A doux of Adrianoupolis appears in the Escorial Taktikon (971-975), in which the "strategos of Macedonia" is not included; we cannot be sure if this is due to an omission or, possibly, the replacement at that time of the office of strategos of Macedonia by the office of the doux of Adrianoupolis (Listes, 354, 355). However, a "theme" of Macedonia is mentioned in 1006/1007, and in the same year an Armenian named John, proximos of the doux Theodorokanos, commissioned a manuscript in Adrianoupolis (but it is not stated explicitly that Theodorokanos was a doux of Adrianoupolis): cf. Armenian Miniature Paintings of the Monastic Library at San Lazzaro (Venice, 1966), 28 ff and pl. XL. The office of doux of Adrianoupolis disappears from the sources (because of Samuel's sack of the city in 1002?) and reappears in narrative sources only in 1049 (Skylitzes, 458; for later periods, see Zakythinos, Mélétai 18 [1948] 57-58). It is probably that at some point in the late tenth/early eleventh century the strategia of Macedonia and the doukaton of Adrianoupolis existed side by side--a situation implied by a seal of the period (DO Seals 1, no. 44.8), which attests a praitor of Macedonia and Adrianoupolis.

In the seventh century, the metropolis of Adrianoupolis had a modest rank (36th of 38 in Darrouzès, Notitiae, 205, line 36; cf. DHGE, fasc. 131 [1988] cols. 1447-48). Its rank remained low in the tenth and eleventh centuries (42 in rank in Darrouzès, Notitiae, 343, line 42), but the number of its suffragans increased from five in the seventh century to eleven by the tenth century (Darrouzès, Notitiae, 286). See Laurent, Corpus V/1, 543 ff; Asdracha, Thrace orientale, 274-77; REB 31 (1973) 293-96; 34 (1976) 194-95; BNJ 23 (1979) 37-43.