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Leo bishop of Pyrgion (eleventh/twelfth century)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.55
Diameter 21 mm
Field diameter 16 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 31.1.

Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 296.


Bust of the Virgin holding the medallion of Christ before her. On either side the inscription: μ-θ : Μ(ήτηρ) Θ(εοῦ). Border of dots.


Inscription of five lines. Border of dots.


Λέοντ(ος) ἐλαχίστ(ου) ἐπισκόπ(ου) Πυργίου


Λέοντος ἐλαχίστου ἐισκόπου Πυργίου.

(Seal of) Leo, the most humble bishop of Pyrgion.


Pyrgion is the modern Birgi at the foot of the Tmolos. The see was first named Dios Hieron, later (seventh century) Christoupolis, and finally Pyrgion, with this name appearing first on seals and only in the late twelfth century in literary sources. Its first known bishop is attested in 451. It was a suffragan of Ephesos, until the late twelfth century, when it was raised to the status of metropolis. Conquered by the Turks in 1307, it became the capital of the emirate of Aydin. See Laurent, Corpus V/1, 207-8; Culerrier, Suffragants d'Ephèse, 155 (episcopal list).