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(The monastery of) the Anargyroi of Kosmidion (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.5590
Diameter 29 mm
Condition Corroded (obverse)
Previous Editions

DO Seals 5 no. 39.1b; Laurent, Corpus 5.3: no. 1902.

Obverse

Half-length depictions of St. Kosmas on the left and St. Damian on the right holding a rotulus in his left hand. No visible inscription. Indeterminate border.

Reverse

Inscription of five lines, cross above, decoration at end of final line. Border of dots.


...αγ,
..ναναρ
.υρντ
κοσμιδι
ου

[Σφρ]αγ(ὶς) [τῶ]ν Ἀναρ[γ]ύρων τοῦ Κοσμιδίου

Translation

Σφραγὶς τῶν Ἀναργύρων τοῦ Κοσμιδίου.

Seal (of the monastery of) the Anargyroi of Kosmidion.

Commentary

According to Janin (Églises, 286) the extramural church of the Kosmidion was built by a certain Paulinus, an intimate of Thedosios II. He places the Kosmidion on the western side of Eyüp, on the hillside bordering the sea. Mango, however, is dubious (see his "on the Cult of the Saints Cosmas and Damian at Constantinople," 189–192). In line with the sources (see the Chronicon pashale, Bonn ed., 713.9–10), he places it ἐν Βλαχέρναις. Since the Blachernae and the Kosmidion shared a healing bath (lousma), he favors locating the church of the Kosmidion on a hill just outside the Blachernae walls. He is inclined to attribute the construction of the church to about 480 and to Paulina, the mother of the usurper Leontios (484–488). The Avars destroyed the church in the siege of 626.

When the monastery was erected is not known. Janin places it in the sixth century. This seal shows that a monastery at Kosmidion was functioning in the eleventh century. It may belong to the period when Michael IV (1034–1041) added a bath and had the grounds renewed with a garden. He refurbished the church and had it adorned with marbles and mosaics (Janin, Églises, 287).

A twelve-syllable verse.

Accession number BZS.1958.106.5590
Diameter 29 mm
Condition Corroded (obverse)
Previous Editions

DO Seals 5 no. 39.1b; Laurent, Corpus 5.3: no. 1902.

Notes

Accession number BZS.1958.106.5590
Diameter 29 mm
Condition Corroded (obverse)
Previous Editions

DO Seals 5 no. 39.1b; Laurent, Corpus 5.3: no. 1902.