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Leo metropolitan of Herakleia (eighth century)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.5680
Diameter 34 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 53.6.
Zacos-Veglery, no. 2124; two similar seals (from the Vienna and Istanbul collections) published by Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 300. Laurent illustrates two seals, but the specimen in the center of the plate is actually the present bulla. One assumes that the other specimen is the Vienna one, since the Istanbul specimen illustrated by Ebersolt (Sceaux byzantins, 46, fig. 4) is different in appearance. All three seals appear to be from the same boulloterion. Laurent's notation of prior edition of either specimen in Sig., 303, is incorrect. 

Obverse

Cruciform invocative monogram (type V); in the quarters: ΤΩΣΩ|ΔΛΩ. Wreath border.

Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ

Reverse

inscription of five lines preceded and followed by decoration. Wreath border.


λεωντι
μητροπ
ολιτηηρ
ακληασ

Λέωντι μητροπολίτῃ Ἡρακλήας

Translation

Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Λέωντι μητροπολίτῃ Ἡρακλήας.

Theotokos, help your servant Leo metropolitan of Herakleia.

Commentary

The see of Herakleia was represented by a Leo at the Second Council of Nicaea in 787 (Mansi XIII, 380, 731), and Laurent's attribution of the present specimen to this prelate is convincing. See Asdracha, Thrace orientale, 267.

Herakleia (modern Eregli), located on the European coastline of the Sea of Marmara, was an important outlet for the products of its agricultural hinterland: hence the seals of horreiarioi.

Herakleia had a Christian community by A.D. 300, the approximate date when the city was first organized as an ecclesiastic metropolis. In the seventh century the see had five suffragan bishoprics (see Darrouzès, Notitiae, 207, lines 117-22), a number that subsequently increased to fifteen in the middle Byzantine period (see ibid., 275, lines 117-22), a number that subsequently increased to fifteen in the middle Byzantine period (see ibid., 275, lines 154-69, and Laurent, Corpus V/1, 212). Cf. Asdracha, Thrace orientale, 267-74.

Accession number BZS.1958.106.5680
Diameter 34 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 53.6.
Zacos-Veglery, no. 2124; two similar seals (from the Vienna and Istanbul collections) published by Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 300. Laurent illustrates two seals, but the specimen in the center of the plate is actually the present bulla. One assumes that the other specimen is the Vienna one, since the Istanbul specimen illustrated by Ebersolt (Sceaux byzantins, 46, fig. 4) is different in appearance. All three seals appear to be from the same boulloterion. Laurent's notation of prior edition of either specimen in Sig., 303, is incorrect. 

Accession number BZS.1958.106.5680
Diameter 34 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 53.6.
Zacos-Veglery, no. 2124; two similar seals (from the Vienna and Istanbul collections) published by Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 300. Laurent illustrates two seals, but the specimen in the center of the plate is actually the present bulla. One assumes that the other specimen is the Vienna one, since the Istanbul specimen illustrated by Ebersolt (Sceaux byzantins, 46, fig. 4) is different in appearance. All three seals appear to be from the same boulloterion. Laurent's notation of prior edition of either specimen in Sig., 303, is incorrect. 

Notes

Accession number BZS.1958.106.5680
Diameter 34 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 53.6.
Zacos-Veglery, no. 2124; two similar seals (from the Vienna and Istanbul collections) published by Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 300. Laurent illustrates two seals, but the specimen in the center of the plate is actually the present bulla. One assumes that the other specimen is the Vienna one, since the Istanbul specimen illustrated by Ebersolt (Sceaux byzantins, 46, fig. 4) is different in appearance. All three seals appear to be from the same boulloterion. Laurent's notation of prior edition of either specimen in Sig., 303, is incorrect. 

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