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The imperial kommerkia of Thrace and Macedonia (820/1)

 
 

Obverse

Bust of Michael II above an exergual line wearing chlamys and crown with cross. Circular inscription in mixed Greek and Latin letters along the upper wreath border. Indiction signs in the exergue.

MIXAΗLbASILEU I ΙΔ

Mixaηl basileus. Ἰνδικτιὼν ιδˊ.

Reverse

Inscription of four lines. Wreath border.

.ΝΒ
ΚΟΜΕΡΚΙ
ΘΡΚΜ
ΚΕΔΟΝ

Τῶν βασιλικῶν κομερκίων Θρᾴκης καὶ Μακεδονίας

Obverse

Bust of Michael II above an exergual line wearing chlamys and crown with cross. Circular inscription in mixed Greek and Latin letters along the upper wreath border. Indiction signs in the exergue.

MIXAΗLbASILEU I ΙΔ

Mixaηl basileus. Ἰνδικτιὼν ιδˊ.

Reverse

Inscription of four lines. Wreath border.

.ΝΒ
ΚΟΜΕΡΚΙ
ΘΡΚΜ
ΚΕΔΟΝ

Τῶν βασιλικῶν κομερκίων Θρᾴκης καὶ Μακεδονίας

Accession number BZS.1958.106.691
Diameter 30.0 mm; field: 24.0 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 43.17.
Zacos-Veglery, no. 282.
Oikonomides, Dated Seals, no. 44.

Translation

Mixaηl basileus. Ἰνδικτιὼν ιδˊ. Τῶν βασιλικῶν κομερκίων Θρᾴκης καὶ Μακεδονίας.

Michael emperor. Indiction 14.  (Seal of) the imperial kommerkiarioi of Thrace and Macedonia.

Commentary

This emperor cannot be Michael I (811-813), who did not reign during a 14th indiction; nor can it be Michael III (842-867), who reigned together with his mother in 850/1, the earliest 14th indiction of his reign, at a time when dated seals were no longer ins use. The ensuing attribution to Michael II (820-829) is also supported by numismatic parallels (cf. Grierson, Catalogue III/1, pl. 20).