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Critical signs and abbreviations

A list of the critical signs and general abbreviations used in the Seals Online Catalogue.

Critical Signs

ẠḄ letters of uncertain reading

.... illegible letters (exact number)

. . . missing letters (unknown number)

(αβ) abbreviation

[αβ] reconstruction of lost or illegible letters

<αβ> restoration of letters either omitted or misleadingly written by the engraver

{αβ} superfluous letters that appear on the seal

General Abbreviations

ca. circa

DO Dumbarton Oaks

ed(s). edited by, edition(s)

fig(s). figure(s)

g gram(s)

mm millimeter(s)

no(s). number(s)

p(p). page(s)

pl(s).    plate(s)

vol(s). volume(s)

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