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“A Free Exchange of Ideas”: History of Scholarship at Dumbarton Oaks

Dumbarton Oaks’ support for scholars over seventy-five years
There was need in this country, we thought, of a quiet place where advanced students and scholars could withdraw, the one to mellow and develop, the other to write the result of a life’s study. Dumbarton Oaks could become such a place.

“Kitzinger acknowledged,” Henry Maguire wrote in his obituary for the Byzantinist who was associated with Dumbarton Oaks for over two decades, that his “fundamental” 1954 article, “The Cult of Images in the Age before Iconoclasm,” “owed much to the intellectual atmosphere of Dumbarton Oaks in the late 1940s and early 1950s, with its free exchange of ideas between resident philologists, historians, and art historians.”H. Maguire, in Dumbarton Oaks Papers 57 (2003): xi.

Over seventy-five years, Dumbarton Oaks has been open to the public for lectures and concerts, innovative museum exhibitions, and splendid gardens. Of enduring importance, however, has been Dumbarton Oaks’ support for scholars to research, to write, to catalogue, to excavate; in short, to produce great works. Robert Woods Bliss acknowledged the institution’s potential in his address on November 2, 1940: “There was need in this country, we thought, of a quiet place where advanced students and scholars could withdraw, the one to mellow and develop, the other to write the result of a life’s study. Dumbarton Oaks could become such a place.”Robert Woods Bliss, “Address by Robert Woods Bliss, November 2, 1940,” The Bulletin of the Fogg Museum of Art 9, no. 4 (March, 1941): 63.

To celebrate Dumbarton Oaks’ seventy-fifth anniversary as a research institute, then, the three directors of study, with the input of former fellows and staff members, compiled lists of influential books and articles produced with institutional support. This support could come in many guises: during the early period, faculty positions; later, fellowships, research appointments, project grants, and scholarly events.

Explore the full list of titles selected by fellows and staff members

The early academic programs and projects at Dumbarton Oaks were built around a resident faculty.Information about the early years at Dumbarton Oaks can be found in the following blog posts: “Ernst Kitzinger, ‘The Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies’”; “Wilhelm Koehler: First Senior Fellow in Charge of Research”; “Wilhelm Koehler and the Research Archives”; “Milton V. Anastos, ‘Dumbarton Oaks and Byzantine Studies, a Personal Account’”; “The 1948 Symposium on the Church of the Holy Apostles”; “Wilhelm Koehler, ‘The Dumbarton Oaks Program and the Principle of Collaborative Research’”; “Albert Mathias Friend Jr. and a ‘Premier Byzantine Studies Center’”; “Kurt Weitzmann on the Beginning of Dumbarton Oaks”; and “Friend of Dumbarton Oaks.” One faculty member, Glanville Downey, participated in the 1948 symposium on “The Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople.”For more information on this symposium, see “The Holy Apostles—Visualizing a Lost Monument,” an online exhibit created by the Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives to accompany the 2015 Byzantine Studies symposium. Although the papers of this symposium would never be published, Downey published his translation of one of the key texts nine years later. Downey himself served successively as Assistant, Associate, and finally full Professor of Byzantine Literature. Decades later, Ihor Ševčenko produced his “masterpiece,” according to Cyril Mango, “his demolition of the Fragments of Toparcha Gothicus,” while serving as Professor of Byzantine History and Literature.C. Mango, in Dumbarton Oaks Papers 64 (2010): 3.

Speakers at the 1948 Symposium on “The Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople,” left to right: Milton Anastos, Glanville Downey, Albert M. Friend Jr., Francis Dvornik, Paul Underwood, and Sirarpie Der Nersessian (seated)
Speakers at the 1948 Symposium on “The Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople,” left to right: Milton Anastos, Glanville Downey, Albert M. Friend Jr., Francis Dvornik, Paul Underwood, and Sirarpie Der Nersessian (seated)

The annual symposia held by the three areas of study draw together scholars from around the world to present on a given topic. These events and subsequent publications serve as vital points of reference for the history of the areas of study and as definitive records of research in these subject areas. The first Pre-Columbian symposium, on the Olmec, is also the first volume on the list from that field. This volume, paired with Taube’s catalogue of Olmec art at Dumbarton Oaks from over three decades later, underscores the significance of the Olmec civilization and art at Dumbarton Oaks.John Thacher, Director of Dumbarton Oaks, noted in his Foreword to the symposium volume that “Mr. Bliss collected [Olmec] art extensively; in fact, the first object he acquired was Olmec—the statuette of a standing man in dark green jade, purchased in Paris in 1912”: Dumbarton Oaks Conference on the Olmec, edited by Elizabeth P. Benson (Washington, D.C., 1968), v. This was the first conference on the Olmec in twenty-five years, and benefited from new material from recent excavations, as well as radiocarbon dating, which securely established the Olmec civilization as earlier than the Maya: K. Taube, Olmec Art at Dumbarton Oaks (Washington, D.C., 2004), 5. The papers from the second symposium, on the Chavín, would be equally influential.

Beginning in the early 1980s, a number of research positions supported long-term institutional projects, many of which appear on the list. These include the Byzantine typika project (Byzantine Monastic Foundation Documents), the Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, and the catalogues of Pre-Columbian and Byzantine art as well as of Byzantine coins and seals. To this should be added long-running series, including Dumbarton Oaks Texts and Studies, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, and symposia and colloquia volumes for each area of studies. Dumbarton Oaks Publications is well represented on the list below, for the simple reason that it has a long-term commitment to making available the best and most essential scholarship in Byzantine, Pre-Columbian, and Garden and Landscape studies.

Support for scholars has also extended into the field. Dumbarton Oaks had close ties to the Byzantine Institute’s work in Istanbul, and archaeological projects in Cyprus in the 1960s and 1970s (represented on this list in Megaw’s Kourion and Carr and Nicolaïdès’ Asinou across Time). Although direct funding of these ambitious fieldwork projects ended,Giles Constable, oral history interview, February 23, 2009: “And fieldwork, as you may know, had never been something that the Blisses had foreseen that Dumbarton Oaks would do. That was a result after the death of Tom Whittemore, when D.O. took over some of the projects that he had promoted in Turkey—at Santa Sophia, at the Kalenderhane, at Cyprus, and other places. And we had to pull in our horns very strongly on that, though we still did a certain amount of field surveys and made individual explicit grants for that.” Dumbarton Oaks has continued offering project grants for scholars engaged in archaeological investigations and recovery, recording, and analysis of materials. Of the titles on the list, for example, Dumbarton Oaks supported Bryer and Winfield’s investigations into the Byzantine monuments and topography of the Pontos.

The completion of the research would not have been possible . . . without the uninterrupted time . . . to think and write.

With the emergence of the Pre-Columbian and Garden and Landscape Studies programs in the 1960s and 1970s and the decline of the resident faculty in the 1980s, the backbone of Dumbarton Oaks became the fellowship program, which has grown since the 1980s to include summer, teaching, and Tyler fellowships. The majority of titles on the list were produced, in whole or in part, thanks to academic year or summer fellowships. Mark Laird is representative of most fellows when he notes that “the completion of the research would not have been possible without the fellowships at Dumbarton Oaks” and “the uninterrupted time . . . to think and write.”Mark Laird, The Flowering of the Landscape Garden: English Pleasure Grounds, 1720–1800 (Philadelphia, 1999). Alexandre Tokovinine noted that Dumbarton Oaks allowed him “to explore new data and elaborate [his] research questions and theories.”Alexandre Tokovinine, Place and Identity in Classic Maya Narrative (Washington, D.C., 2013), vii.

Fellows have repeatedly emphasized the space that Dumbarton Oaks provides for ideas to grow, the first-rate library collections, and, most importantly, the intellectual stimulation of being around experts in all three areas of study, which provides not only cross-cultural but also cross-disciplinary perspectives. This “free exchange of ideas” has been facilitated by communal lunches, research reports, symposia and colloquia, walks in the gardens, dinner parties, and, not least, the swimming pool. George Majeska thanked the “members of the scholarly community of Dumbarton Oaks” from whom, “over coffee, as over books, I have learned much.”George Majeska, Russian Travelers to Constantinople in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries (Washington, D.C., 1984), xi. Tracy Ehrlich noted that “without the luxuries of the gardens and swimming pool, I might never have completed this book,”Tracy L. Ehrlich, Landscape and Identity in Early Modern Rome: Villa Culture at Frascati in the Borghese Era (Cambridge and New York, 2002), xvii. and Richard Townsend, author of State and Cosmos in the Art of Tenochtitlan, emphasized the “relaxed form of communication” brought out at the pool: “Not too many people were just talking footnotes to each other all the time.”Richard Fraser Townsend, oral history interview, August 24, 2010.

It is this environment that Mildred Barnes Bliss emphasized in the preamble to her will, dated August 31, 1966:

The distinction of the scholars themselves as well as of their writings; the interpretation of the texts and the arts; the quality of the music performed; the free discussion within the limits of good deportment, and the whole tempered by the serenity of open spaces and ancient trees; all these are as integral a part of Humanism at Dumbarton Oaks as are the Library and the Collections.

Two months earlier, after thanking members of the Dumbarton Oaks community, Francis Dvornik, in the foreword to his Early Christian and Byzantine Political Philosophy, dedicated this work “to Mrs. Bliss and to the pious memory of her husband. . . . Without their magnanimity, vision, and stimulating interest in Byzantine studies this book would not have been written.”Francis Dvornik, Early Christian and Byzantine Political Philosophy: Origins and Background (Washington, D.C., 1966), 1:ix.

Fifty years after Dvornik’s dedication, the institution has undergone substantial changes—most importantly, the addition of Pre-Columbian and Garden and Landscape Studies programs. But, as the list of titles below attests, that same magnanimity and vision, which support scholars and their works, still dominate and ensure the continuation of Dumbarton Oaks as a home of the Humanities.

Seventy-Five Years of Scholarship

A comprehensive listing of publications by former fellows and project grant recipients in Garden and Landscape Studies was compiled in 2011, on the occasion of the program’s fortieth anniversary at Dumbarton Oaks. Although the list below is not comprehensive, it does reflect the transformation of Dumbarton Oaks’ support for scholarship over the past seventy-five years, as well as the development within each discipline.

The selections of all three areas of study are combined below, organized by decade and arranged alphabetically. Titles of works link to Worldcat, where publication details may be found. Links to additional information, including archival materials, blog posts, and oral history interviews, are available beneath each record upon the first appearance of an author’s name. Where biographical information is not available on our website, we have included the dates during which the author served a fellowship term or received a project grant.

Full listings of past fellows, visiting scholars, and senior fellows are available in the areas of studies sections of our website; a comprehensive list of staff members, research appointments, and project grant recipients is available at “Who Was Who at Dumbarton Oaks.”

1940s | 1950s | 1960s | 1970s | 1980s | 1990s | 2000s | 2010s


Moravcsik, G., and R. J. H. Jenkins, ed. and trans. 1949. Constantine Porphyrogenitus: De Administrando Imperio.

Jenkins: Visiting Scholar 1952–1953 and 1954–1955; more information: Romilly Jenkins Papers

Moravcsik: Visiting Scholar 1958–1959 and 1966–1967


Buchthal, H. 1957. Miniature Painting in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Visiting Scholar 1950–1951, 1964–1965, 1974–1975, and 1978–1979

Downey, Glanville. 1957. “Nikolaos Mesarites: Description of the Church of the Holy Apostles at Constantinople.”

Kitzinger, Ernst. 1954. “The Cult of Images in the Age before Iconoclasm.”

More information: Ernst Kitzinger Papers | The Kitzinger Years at Dumbarton Oaks by Alice-Mary Talbot

Mango, Cyril. 1958. The Homilies of Photius, Patriarch of Constantinople: English Translation, Introduction and Commentary.

More information: Oral history

Ševčenko, Ihor. 1957. “Nicolas Cabasilas’ ‘Anti-Zealot’ Discourse: A Reinterpretation.”

More information:Oral history

Teall, J. C. 1959. “The Grain Supply of the Byzantine Empire, 330–1025.”

Junior Fellow 1954–1955, Visiting Scholar 1966–1967

Vryonis, Speros. 1957. “The Will of a Provincial Magnate, Eustathius Boilas (1059).”

Junior Fellow 1954–1956, Fellow 1979–1981, Visiting Fellow 1981–1983, Senior Fellow 1985–1991, Visiting Scholar 2006–2007


Alexander, P. J. 1967. The Oracle of Baalbek: The Tiburtine Sibyl in Greek Dress.

Junior Fellow 1941–1942, Fellow 1945–1946

Bellinger, A. R., P. Grierson, and M. Hendy, ed. 1966–99. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection.

Benson, Elizabeth P., ed. 1968. Dumbarton Oaks Conference on the Olmec.

More information: Oral history | “Pre-Columbian Studies: From Collection to Research Program” blog post

Dvornik, F. 1966. Early Christian and Byzantine Political Philosophy: Origins and Background.

More information: Francis Dvornik Papers and Images

Hunger, Herbert. 1969–1970. “On the Imitation (MIMHΣIΣ) of Antiquity in Byzantine Literature.”

Visiting Scholar 1968–1969.

Jenkins, R. J. H., ed. 1962. Constantine Porphyrogenitus: De Administrando Imperio; A Commentary.

Mango, Cyril. 1963. “Antique Statuary and the Byzantine Beholder.”

Underwood, P. A. 1966. The Kariye Djami.

Winfield, David. 1968. “Middle and Later Byzantine Wall Painting Methods. A Comparative Study.”

Visiting Fellow 1963–1964, Research Fellow 1964–1965


Benson, Elizabeth P., ed. 1971. Dumbarton Oaks Conference on Chavín.

———. 1977. The Sea in the Pre-Columbian World.

Buchthal, H., and H. Belting. 1978. Patronage in Thirteenth-Century Constantinople: An Atelier of Late Byzantine Book Illumination.

Belting: Oral history

Herrin, Judith. 1975. “Realities of Byzantine Provincial Government: Hellas and Peloponnesos, 1180–1205.”

Jashemski, Wilhelmina. 1979–1993. The Gardens of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and the Villas Destroyed by Vesuvius.

Fellow 1981–1982, Project Grant Recipient 1982–1989

Maguire, Henry. 1977. “The Depiction of Sorrow in Middle Byzantine Art.”

More information: Oral histories for the Dumbarton Oaks Archives and the Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives

Mango, Cyril, and Ihor Ševčenko, ed. 1975. Byzantine Books and Bookmen.

Marcus, Joyce. 1976. Emblem and State in the Classic Maya Lowlands: An Epigraphic Approach to Territorial Organization.

Bliss Fellow 1972–1973

Morrisson, Cécile. 1976. “La dévaluation de la monnaie byzantine au XIe siècle: Essai d’interprétation.”

More information: Oral history

Oikonomides, Nicolas. 1972. Les listes de préséance byzantinesc des IXe et Xe siècles.

More information: Obituary in Dumbarton Oaks Papers 54 (2000)

Ševčenko, Ihor. 1971. “The Date and Author of the So-Called Fragments of Toparcha Gothicus.”

Teall, J. C. 1971. “The Byzantine Agricultural Tradition.”

Townsend, Richard F. 1979. State and Cosmos in the Art of Tenochtitlan.

More information: Oral history

Weitzmann, Kurt. 1976. The Monastery of Saint Catherine at Mount Sinai: The Icons. Vol. 1, From the Sixth to the Tenth Century.

More information: Kurt Weitzmann Papers | Blog posts: “Kurt Weitzmann, ‘Byzantine Art and Scholarship in America’”; “Kurt Weitzmann on the Beginning of Dumbarton Oaks”; and “‘Good as Gold’: Kurt Weitzmann at Dumbarton Oaks


Adler, William. 1989. Time Immemorial: Archaic History and Its Sources in Christian Chronography from Julius Africanus to George Syncellus.

Fellow 1993–1994

Belting, Hans. 1980–1981. “An Image and Its Function in the Liturgy: The Man of Sorrows in Byzantium.”

Boone, Elizabeth Hill, ed. 1987. The Aztec Templo Mayor: A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 8th and 9th October 1983.

More information: Oral history

Bryer, A., and D. Winfield. 1985. The Byzantine Monuments and Topography of the Pontos.

Bryer: Visiting Fellow 1970–1971 and 1976–1977, Fellow 1980–1981, Project Grant Recipient 1979–1982 and 1994–1995

Cameron, Averil. 1985. Procopius and the Sixth Century.

Summer Fellow 1981, Visiting Scholar 2011–2012

Cormack, Robin. 1985. Writing in Gold: Byzantine Society and Its Icons.

More information: Oral history

Ćurčić, Slobodan. 1984. Art and Architecture in the Balkans: An Annotated Bibliography.

Visiting Fellow 1975–1976, Fellow 1980–1981 and 1999–2000, Senior Fellow 1983–1989, Project Grant Recipient 1990–1991

Cutler, Anthony. 1985. The Craft of Ivory: Sources, Techniques, and Uses in the Medieval World, A.D. 200–1400.

More information: Oral history

Demus, Otto. 1984. The Mosaics of San Marco in Venice.

More information: Otto Demus and the San Marco Mosaics Project Papers

Donnan, Christopher B., ed. 1985. Early Ceremonial Architecture in the Andes: A Conference at Dumbarton Oaks, 8th to 10th October 1982.

More information: Oral histories for the Dumbarton Oaks Archives and the Images Collections and Fieldwork Archives

Garsoian, N., T. F. Mathews, and R. W. Thomson. 1982. East of Byzantium: Syria and Armenia in the Formative Period.

Mathews: Fellow 1982–1983, Senior Fellow 2001–2003

Thomson: Oral history

Harrison, Martin. 1989. A Temple for Byzantium: The Discovery and Excavation of Anicia Juliana’s Palace-Church in Istanbul.

Visiting Fellow 1968–1969, Project Grant Recipient 1972–1986

Hendy, Michael F. 1985. Studies in the Byzantine Monetary Economy, c. 300–1450.

Junior Fellow 1965–1967, Visiting Fellow 1975–1976, Associate Advisor for Byzantine Numismatics, 1980–1985; Resident Researcher for Byzantine Numismatics, 1993–1994

Kazhdan, Alexander, and Giles Constable. 1982. People and Power in Byzantium: An Introduction to Modern Byzantine Studies.

Kazhdan: Senior Research Associate, 1979–1997. Additional information: Oral history of Musja Kazhdan (wife) | Blog post: “Alexander Kazhdan” 

Constable: Oral history | Blog posts: “Changes at Dumbarton Oaks under Giles Constable” and “Giles Constable, ‘Dumbarton Oaks and the Future of Byzantine Studies’

Kowalski, Jeff Karl. 1987. The House of the Governor: A Maya Palace at Uxmal, Yucatan, Mexico.

Junior Fellow 1977–1978, Fellow 1984–1985 and 2012–2013

Laiou, Angeliki. 1980–1981. “The Byzantine Economy in the Mediterranean Trade System, Thirteenth–Fifteenth Centuries.”

More information: Senior Research Associate/Professor of Byzantine History, Harvard University, 1981–1983; Senior Fellows Committee, 1983–1989, 1989–1991 (chair), 1991–2001; Senior Research Associate/Dumbarton Oaks Professor of Byzantine History, Harvard University, 1983–1989; Administrative Committee, 1989–1994; Director of Dumbarton Oaks, 1989–1998; Director of Byzantine Studies, 1996–1997; Senior Research Associate/Dumbarton Oaks Professor of Byzantine History, Harvard University, 1998–2008

Majeska, George. 1984. Russian Travelers to Constantinople in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries.

More information: Oral history

Oikonomides, Nicolas. 1986. A Collection of Dated Byzantine Lead Seals.

Ousterhout, Robert. 1987. The Architecture of Kariye Camii in Istanbul.

Junior Fellow 1980–1981, Summer Fellow 1983, Fellow 2012–2013, Senior Fellow 2012–2018, Project Grant Recipient 1995–1999, 2005–2006

Schuyler, David. 1986. The New Urban Landscape: The Redefinition of City Form in Nineteenth-Century America.

Junior Fellow 1977–1979

Shahîd, Irfan. 1984–2009. Byzantium and the Arabs.

More information: Oral history | Blog post: “Irfan Shahîd

Taft, Robert F., SJ. 1988. “Mount Athos: A Late Chapter in the History of the Byzantine Rite.”

Fellow 1984–1985 and 1993–1994, Summer Fellow 1988, Senior Fellow 1996–1999 and 1999–2001 (chair)

Turyn, A. 1980. Dated Greek Manuscripts of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries in the Libraries of Great Britain.

Board of Scholars, 1956–1962

Vikan, Gary K. 1982. Byzantine Pilgrimage Art.

More information: Oral history

Weitzmann, K., ed. 1980. Age of Spirituality: A Symposium


Alexakis, A. 1996. Codex Parisinus Graecus 1115 and Its Archetype.

Summer Fellow 1991, Research Associate 1991–2000

Asen, Kiren, ed. 1995. Sacred Art, Secular Context: Objects of Art from the Byzantine Collection of Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, D.C., Accompanied by American Paintings from the Collection of Mildred and Robert Woods Bliss.

Berlo, Janet Catherine, ed. 1992. Art, Ideology, and the City of Teotihuacan: A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 8th and 9th October 1988.

Summer Fellow 1984, Senior Fellow 1994–1999

Boyd, Susan A., and Marlia Mundell Mango, ed. 1992. Ecclesiastical Silver Plate in Sixth-Century Byzantium.

Boyd: Oral histories for the Dumbarton Oaks Archives and the Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives

Boone, Elizabeth Hill, ed. 1996. Andean Art at Dumbarton Oaks.

Boone, Elizabeth Hill, and Thomas Cummins, ed. 1998. Native Traditions in the Postconquest World: A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 2nd through 4th October 1992.

Cummins: Oral history

Clunas, Craig. 1996. Fruitful Sites: Garden Culture in Ming Dynasty China.

Fellow 1991–1992

Constantinides, C. N., and R. Browning. 1993. Dated Greek Manuscripts from Cyprus to the Year 1570.

Constantinides: Summer Fellow 1981, 1988, and 1996, and Project Grant Recipient 1983–1987

Browning: Fellow 1985–1986 (spring) and 1986–1987, Visiting Fellow 1989–1994 and 1995–1996, Visiting Scholar 1973–1974

Ćurčić, Slobodan, and Evangelia Hadjitryphonos, ed. 1997. Secular Medieval Architecture in the Balkans 1300–1500 and Its Preservation.

Hadjitryphonos: Summer Fellow 2002

Duffy, John. 1999. “Embellishing the Steps: Elements of Presentation and Style in ‘The Heavenly Ladder’ of John Climacus.”

More information: Oral history

Evans, Helen, ed. 1997. The Glory of Byzantium: Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, A.D. 843–1261.

More information: Oral history

Harvey, Susan Ashbrook. 1990.Asceticism and Society in Crisis: John of Ephesus and the Lives of the Eastern Saints,

Fellow 1987–1988, Senior Fellow 2009–2015

Hosler, Dorothy, Heather Lechtman, and Olaf Holm. 1990. Axe-Monies and Their Relatives.

Lecthman: Senior Fellow 1988–1994

Houston, Stephen D., ed. 1998. Function and Meaning in Classic Maya Architecture: A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 7th and 8th October 1994.

More information: Oral history

Hunt, John Dixon. 1996. Garden and Grove: The Italian Renaissance Garden in the English Imagination, 1600–1750.

More information: Oral history | Blog: “John Dixon Hunt

Kalavrezou, Ioli. 1990. “Images of the Mother: When the Virgin Mary Became ‘Meter Theou.’

More information: Oral history

Kazhdan, A. P., ed. 1991. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium.

Laiou, Angeliki, ed. 1993. Consent and Coercion to Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies.

Laird, Mark. 1999. The Flowering of the Landscape Garden: English Pleasure Grounds, 1720–1800.

More information: Oral history

Lange, Frederick W., ed. 1992. Wealth and Hierarchy in the Intermediate Area: A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 10th and 11th October 1987.

Lazzaro, Claudia. 1990. The Italian Renaissance Garden: From the Conventions of Planting, Design, and Ornament to the Grand Gardens of Sixteenth-Century Central Italy.

Junior Fellow 1983–1984, Fellow 1987–1988

MacDonald, William L., and John A. Pinto.1995. Hadrian's Villa and Its Legacy.

Pinto: Senior Fellow 1988–1992

Magdalino, Paul. 1993. The Empire of Manuel I Komnenos, 1143–1180.

Junior Fellow 1974–1975, Fellow 1993–1994 (spring) and 2014–2015 (spring), Senior Fellow 2001–2007

Maguire, Henry, ed. 1997. Byzantine Court Culture from 829 to 1204.

More information: Oral histories for the Dumbarton Oaks Archives and the Image Collections and Fieldwork Archives

Major, Judith K. 1997. To Live in the New World: A. J. Downing and American Landscape Gardening.

Summer Fellow 1989

McAnany, Patricia Ann. 1995. Living with the Ancestors: Kinship and Kingship in Ancient Maya Society.

Fellow 1991–1992, Summer Fellow 1993, Senior Fellow 2015–2021

Mullett, Margaret. 1992. “The Madness of Genre.”

Fellow 1982–1983 (spring) and 2003–2004 (fall), Summer Fellow 1986 and 1995, Senior Fellow 2008–2009 and 2009–2015 (ex officio), Director of Byzantine Studies 2009–2015

Mullett, Margaret, and Anthony Kirby, ed. 1994. The Theotokos Evergetis and Eleventh-Century Monasticism.

———. 1997. Work and Worship at the Theotokos Evergetis, 1050–1200.

Nesbitt, John, and Nicolas Oikonomides, ed. 1991–2009. Catalogue of Byzantine Seals at Dumbarton Oaks and in the Fogg Museum of Art.

Nesbitt: Junior Fellow 1970–1972; Research Assistant, Byzantine Sigillography, 1974–1976; Research Fellow, Byzantine Sigillography, 1976–1980; Research Associate, Byzantine Studies, 1987–1988; Research Associate, Byzantine Seals Catalogue, 1988–1990; Research Associate, Byzantine Sigillography, 1990–2010

Pringle, Denys. 1993–2009. The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Corpus.

Fellow 1984–1986

Ševčenko, Nancy Patterson. 1990. Illustrated Manuscripts of the Metaphrastian Menologion.

Junior Fellow 1965–66, Visiting Scholar 2010–2011, Senior Research Associate for Byzantine Art, 1990–1991

Stuart, David, and Stephen D. Houston. 1994. Classic Maya Place Names.

Stuart: Oral history | Blog post: “David Stuart

Talbot, Alice-Mary, ed. 1996. Holy Women of Byzantium: Ten Saints’ Lives in English Translation.

More information: Oral history

———. 1998. Byzantine Defenders of Images: Eight Saints’ Lives in English Translation.


Atasoy, Nurhan. 2002. A Garden for the Sultan: Gardens and Flowers in the Ottoman Culture.

Fellow 2001–2002 (spring), Senior Fellow 2004–2010

Berger, Robert W., and Thomas F. Hedin. 2008. Diplomatic Tours in the Gardens of Versailles under Louis XIV.

Hedin: Fellow 2006–2007, Summer Fellow 2009

Dodd, Erica Cruikshank. 2001. The Frescoes of Mar Musaal Habashi: A Study in Medieval Painting in Syria.

Junior Fellow 1955–1957, Fellow 1986–1987

Ehrlich, Tracy L. 2002. Landscape and Identity in Early Modern Rome: Villa Culture at Frascati in the Borghese Era.

Junior Fellow 1993–1994, Summer Fellow 1994, Fellow 2000–2001 (fall)

Fabiani Giannetto, Raffaella. 2008. Medici Gardens: From Making to Design.

Fellow 2004–2005 (report) and 2014–2015

Fash, William Leonard, and Leonardo López Luján, ed. 2009. The Art of Urbanism: How Mesoamerican Kingdoms Represented Themselves in Architecture and Imagery.

Fash: Oral history

López Luján: Fellow 2005–2006 (fall), Senior Fellow 2012–2014

Gundaker, Grey, and Judith McWillie. 2005. No Space Hidden: The Spirit of African American Yard Work.

Gundaker: Fellow 1992–1993 and 2009–2010 (report)

Kowalski, Jeff Karl. 2007. Twin Tollans: Chichén Itzá, Tula, and the Epiclassic to Early Postclassic Mesoamerican World.

Krueger, Derek. 2004. Writing and Holiness: The Practice of Authorship in the Early Christian East.

Junior Fellow 1990–1991, Fellow 1998–1999, Senior Fellow 2015–2021

Laiou, Angeliki, ed. 2002. Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century.

Lawson, Laura J. 2005. City Bountiful: A Century of Community Gardening in America.

Junior Fellow 1998–1999

Maher, Neil M. 2008. Nature's New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps and the Roots of the American Environmental Movement.

Summer Fellow 1998

McGeer, Eric. 2005. Sowing the Dragon’s Teeth: Byzantine Warfare in the Tenth Century.

Junior Fellow 1987–88, Summer Fellow 1989; Research Associate, Byzantine Seals Catalogue, 1989–1990; Research Associate for Byzantine Sigillography, 1990–1994; Research Associate, Byzantine Seals Project, Summer 1994; Byzantine Collection Fellow, Summer 2001; Advisor for Byzantine Seals, 2010–2012; Consultant for Byzantine Sigillography, 2012–present

Megaw, A. H. S. 2007. Kourion: Excavations in the Episcopal Precinct.

Nelson, Robert S. 2000. “To Say and to See: Ekphrasis and Vision in Byzantium.”

More information: Oral history

Quilter, Jeffrey, and John W. Hoopes, ed. 2003. Gold and Power in Ancient Costa Rica, Panama, and Colombia: A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 9 and 10 October 1999.

Quilter: Oral history

Safran, Linda, ed. 1998. Heaven on Earth: Art and the Church in Byzantium.

Junior Fellow 1987–1988 (fall), Fellow 2002–2003, Research Associate 1989–1994

Stackelberg, Katharine T. von. 2009. The Roman Garden: Space, Sense, and Society.

Junior Fellow 2004–2005 (report)

Talbot, A.-M. 2001. Women and Religious Life in Byzantium.

Taube, Karl A. 2004. Olmec Art at Dumbarton Oaks.

More information: Oral history

Thomas, John, and Angela Constantinides Hero, ed. 2000. Byzantine Monastic Foundation Documents: A Complete Translation of Surviving Founders’ Typika and Testaments.

Thomas: Fellow 1990–1991, Research Associate 1980–1984, Monastic typika: 1982–1985

Hero: Oral history


Angelov, Dimiter, and Ruth Macrides. 2013. Pseudo-Kodinos and the Constantinopolitan Court: Offices and Ceremonies.

Angelov: Junior Fellow 1999–2000, Fellow 2010–2011 (spring) (report), Senior Fellow 2013–present

Macrides: Junior Fellow 1975–1976, Fellow 2009–2010 (spring) (report), Senior Fellow 2014–2019

Aveni, Anthony F., ed. 2015. The Measure and Meaning of Time in Mesoamerica and the Andes.

Boone, Elizabeth Hill, and Gary Urton, ed. 2011. Their Way of Writing: Scripts, Signs, and Pictographies in Pre-Columbian America.

Urton: Oral history

Bray, Tamara S., ed. 2015. The Archaeology of Wak'as: Explorations of the Sacred in the Pre-Columbian Andes.

Fellow 1998–1999, Project Grant Recipient 2008–2009 (report)

Carr, Annemarie Weyl, and Andreas Nicolaïdès, ed. 2012. Asinou across Time: Studies  in the Architecture and Murals of the Panagia Phorbiotissa, Cyprus.

Carr: Oral history

Nicolaïdès: Summer Fellow 1995 and 1997

Ćurčić, Slobodan. 2010. Architecture in the Balkans from Diocletian to Süleyman the Magnificent.

Dümpelmann, Sonja. 2014. Flights of Imagination: Aviation, Landscape, Design.

Fellow 2010–2011 (report), Senior Fellow 2014–2020

Gerstel, Sharon E. J., ed. 2013. Viewing the Morea: Land and People in the Late Medieval Peloponnese.

Junior Fellow 1992–1993 (spring), Fellow 2001–2002 (spring), Research Associate, 1994–1998, Project Grant Recipient 1999–2000

Graham, Elizabeth A. 2011. Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth-Century Belize.

Fellow 2007–2008 (report)

Hajovsky, Patrick Thomas. 2015. On the Lips of Others: Moteuczoma's Fame in Aztec Monuments and Rituals.

Junior Fellow 2004–2005

Hirth, Kenneth G., and Joanne Pillsbury, ed. 2013. Merchants, Markets, and Exchange in the Pre-Columbian World.

Hirth: Summer Fellow 2010 (report), Senior Fellow 2014–2020

Lau, George F. 2011. Andean Expressions: Art and Archaeology of the Recuay Culture.

Fellow 2001–2002

Nair, Stella. 2015. At Home with the Sapa Inca Architecture, Space, and Legacy at Chinchero.

Fellow 2008–2009

Parpulov, Georgii R. 2010. “Psalters and Personal Piety in Byzantium.”

Pillsbury, Joanne, ed. 2012. Past Presented: Archaeological Illustration and the Ancient Americas.

More information: Oral history

Scherer, Andrew K., and John W. Verano, ed. 2014. Embattled Bodies, Embattled Places: War in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica and the Andes.

Scherer: Fellow 2008–2009 (report), Project Grant Recipient 2004–2005 (report)

Verano: Fellow 2006–2007, Visiting Scholar 2005–2006 (report), Senior Fellow 2014–2020

Sullivan, D. F., A.-M. Talbot, and S. McGrath, ed. 2014. The Life of Saint Basil the Younger: Critical Edition and Annotated Translation of the Moscow Version.

Sullivan: Fellow 1991–1992, 1998–1999, and 2006–2007, Library Assistant, 1972–1974, Assistant for Cataloging and Book Selection, 1974–1975

McGrath: Research Associate, Byzantine Hagiography Project, 1996–1998

Tokovinine, Alexandre. 2013. Place and Identity in Classic Maya Narratives.

Junior Fellow 2007–2008 (spring) (report)

Vail, Gabrielle, and Cristina Hernandez, ed. 2010. Astronomers, Scribes, and Priests: Intellectual Interchange between the Northern Maya Lowlands and Highland Mexico in the Late Postclassic Period.

Vail: Fellow 1997–1998 (fall), Summer Fellow 2003