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The Liturgical Byzantinization of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem (Eighth–Thirteenth Centuries)

Daniel Galadza, Pontificio Istituto Orientale, Rome, Italy, Junior Fellow 2011–2012

When not engaged in stimulating discussion with other fellows and visiting scholars, attending fascinating lectures, perusing the open stacks, pestering the helpful librarians, or strolling through the beautiful gardens, I worked on my doctoral dissertation, which I hope to defend in early 2013. During these eight months, I was able to complete drafts of two chapters, one on the manuscript sources that bear witness to a liturgical change in the Chalcedonian churches and monasteries of Jerusalem and Palestine and the other on the multilingual historical context in which these liturgical sources operated. Most studies of liturgy have focused on the influence Palestinian monasticism had on Constantinopolitan liturgy after iconoclasm. Focusing on the liturgical calendar and lectionary of Jerusalem, one can observe the gradual influence of Constantinopolitan usage on Jerusalem in the tenth century and the supplanting thereby of authentic Jerusalem liturgical usage, including the native eucharistic liturgy of Saint James, which had fallen into disuse by the thirteenth century. The proximity of Dumbarton Oaks to the microfilm collection of the Library of Congress made it possible to study numerous Greek and Georgian manuscripts that have not received the attention they deserve. With guidance from staff members at Dumbarton Oaks, I have planned a trip to Mount Sinai this summer to study other manuscript witnesses of liturgical Byzantinization in Jerusalem de visu. Research on other chapters of my thesis dedicated to case studies of the sanctoral and lectionary cycles resulted in papers on the development of the liturgical commemoration of John the Baptist and on methodological questions related to liturgy in Jerusalem after the Arab conquest, both of which were presented at conferences this year.