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Exploring the Ethnohistory of Pre-Columbian Late Migrants in Lower Central America: Maribios, Mexicanos, and Cicuas in Focus in the 16th Century

Eugenia Ibarra, Universidad de Costa Rica, Summer Fellow 2018–2019

I completed various goals related to the main objectives of my proposal. I worked on macro and micro levels of trade and exchange on the Central American Pacific Coast, depicting short- and long-distance trade networks, with different products involved and navigation routes included. I also linked chiefly social and political organization in the Costa Rica and Panama areas with those individuals in charge of exchange processes. Though still hypothetical, this finding will possibly lead to a more general understanding of exchange processes among the diverse ethnes in the areas of the Pacific coast from Mexico to Ecuador. I also examined the roles islands played in Pacific navigation, their importance to long-distance maritime travelers. Most importantly, I focused on the Maribio Mesoamerican migrant group moving into northwestern Nicaragua, and studied their relationships with neighboring diverse ethnes.