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Sources for Pre-Columbian Studies

Research Centers and Granting Agencies

The American Museum of Natural History in New York offers grants and research fellowships in anthropology:

The Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., offers a variety of fellowships in art history and archaeology:

The Cotsen Institute of Archaeology is a research unit at the University of California, Los Angeles that offers public lecture programs, publications, and other activities:

The J. Paul Getty Trust provides support for research in art history, archaeology, conservation and related fields through a variety of programs, including residential fellowships at the Getty Research Institute and project grants through the Getty Grant Program:

The H. John Heinz III Charitable Trust offers small grants for archeological research in Mexico, Central America, and South America:

Fellowships for advanced research related to the Kislak Collection at the Library of Congress, Washington D.C., are available via the Kluge Center:

The Metropolitan Museum of Art offers graduate students and senior scholars from the United States and around the world the opportunity to undertake study and research related to their work in art history, archaeology, and art conservation, either at the Museum or abroad:

The National Endowment for the Humanities offers a variety of fellowships and grants in archaeology and related fields of the humanities:

The Archaeology Program of the National Science Foundation provides support for anthropologically relevant archaeological research:

The Sainsbury Research Unit for the Arts of Africa, Oceania and the Americas offers residential fellowships at their center at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, England:

The School of American Research in Santa Fe, New Mexico, provides a variety of research opportunities, including residential fellowships, publications, and other scholarly programs:

The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History offers a variety of research opportunities in anthropology and related disciplines:, as does its National Museum of the American Indian:

Andean Archaeology

For information on the Peruvian highland site of Chavín de Huantar, consult:

Arqueología Andina y Tiwanaku is a site with scholarly articles in English and Spanish on Andean archaeology, especially Tiwanaku:

The Khipu Database Project is a centralized repository for information on the knotted string records of the Inka:

For information on the Peruvian coastal site of Pachacamac, and the Pachacamac Archaeological Project, consult:

Mesoamerican Archaeology

Architecture, Restoration, and Imaging of the Maya Cities of Uxmal, Kabah, Sayil and Labná, the Puuc Region, Yucatán México

This web site provides some 250 19th and early 20th century drawings, prints, and photographs, most rare or previously unpublished, revealing how these Maya sites were imaged by early explorers and scholars.

There are also over 1000 recent photographs with descriptive captions, many recording information not previously available in print or on the web. These may be opened side-by-side, making possible comparison of these sites before and after the extensive restoration campaigns of the 20th century.

The Maya Codices Website, by Gabrielle Vail and Christine Hernandez,, includes a searchable database of the Dresden, Madrid, and Paris codices.

The Pre-Columbian Art Research Institute's mission is to support and carry on research and exploration of Mesoamerican civilizations, their art, archaeology, and glyphic texts, as well as research concerning the tropical environment and its ancient monuments:

For resources concerning Teotihuacan and Tenochtitlan, consult Arizona State's website:

Colonial Sources

The Vistas project provides a gallery of more than 100 color images, interpretive essays, and a searchable bibliography on visual culture. This unique collection includes paintings, sculptures, architectural monuments, and objects of daily life from Spanish America between 1520 and 1820, the period from Conquest to Independence:

A selection of writings describing early Spanish encounters with Pre-Columbian civilizations can be found on La Conquista de América:

The Royal Library, Copenhagen, Denmark, offers a digital facsimile of the circa 1615 manuscript of Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala, El primer nueva corónica y buen gobierno:

Regional Associations

The European Association of Mayanists, Wayeb, is an academically oriented non-profit association that promotes Maya studies in Europe:

The Institute for Mesoamerican Studies (State University of New York, Albany):


Portals to the World, prepared by the Library of Congress, contains selective links providing in-depth information about the world's nations and regions. The links are arranged by country or area with the links for each sorted into a wide range of broad categories: