Dumbarton Oaks Microsite

Results and Reception

Cartoon by S. J. Ray, Published in the Kansas City Star on August 1, 1944.

With enduring peace at stake, all steps were taken to increase the likelihood of success. It was hoped that by holding the informal conference in the luxurious and well-maintained Dumbarton Oaks, delegates would be more apt to engage in discussions of global harmony and security. Thus, the tranquility of those in attendance was a major consideration throughout the proceedings at Dumbarton Oaks. The success of the Dumbarton Oaks Conversations can be measured by the prompt formation of the United Nations, an organization founded just over a year later. Consisting of fifty-one member nations at its creation, the United Nations pledged to devote itself to the liberation of future generations from the devastation of war, the protection of human rights, and the promotion of justice and social progress. The conversations and agreements at Dumbarton Oaks directly fostered the formation of this cooperative international body.

The stated purposes of the proposed international organization were:

  1. To maintain international peace and security; and to that end to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace and the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means adjustment or settlement of international disputes which may lead to a breach of the peace;
  2. to develop friendly relations among nations and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;
  3. to achieve international co-operation in the solution of international economic, social and other humanitarian problems; and
  4. to afford a center for harmonizing the actions of nations in the achievement of these common ends.

The results of the Conversations are assessed by Charles E. Bohlen, who was attached to the American delegation as an advisor on Soviet affairs, in his book, Witness to History, 1929–1969, as follows: “Dumbarton Oaks settled all but two issues regarding the organization of the United Nations—the voting procedure in the Security Council and the Soviet pressure for the admission of all sixteen of the Soviet republics to the General Assembly. It took the conference at Yalta, plus further negotiations with Moscow, before these issues were solved.”

 

Documents

 

The United Nations. Dumbarton Oaks Proposals for a General International Organization The United Nations. Dumbarton Oaks Proposals for a General International Organization
Department of State Publication 2297, Conference Series 66, Washington, DC, 1945
 
Changing World, newsletter, December 1944 Changing World, newsletter, December 1944
 
Thank you letter from Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., to John S. Thacher, 6 October 1944 Thank you letter from Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., to John S. Thacher, 6 October 1944
 
Letter of appreciation from Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., to Robert Woods Bliss, 6 October 1944 Letter of appreciation from Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., to Robert Woods Bliss, 6 October 1944
 
Letter from James B. Conant to Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., 11 October 1944. Response to Stettinius’s letter regarding the close of the Dumbarton Oaks Conversations Letter from James B. Conant to Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., 11 October 1944. Response to Stettinius’s letter regarding the close of the Dumbarton Oaks Conversations
 
Department of State personnel record, 1 November 1944. Reassignment of Robert Woods Bliss as Special Assistant to the Secretary of State at a salary of $1 per annum Department of State personnel record, 1 November 1944. Reassignment of Robert Woods Bliss as Special Assistant to the Secretary of State at a salary of $1 per annum
 
“The Gateway to Peace . . . Dumbarton Oaks,” Christmas card, with a note to Mildred Bliss from Mrs. F. Bland Tucker, 13 December 1944 “The Gateway to Peace . . . Dumbarton Oaks,” Christmas card, with a note to Mildred Bliss from Mrs. F. Bland Tucker, 13 December 1944
 
Letter from the Earl of Halifax to John S. Thacher, 15 June 1945 Letter from the Earl of Halifax to John S. Thacher, 15 June 1945
 

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