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Iris

Magdalena Rosina Funck, née Heuchelin (1672–95), watercolor, from Blumenbuch (1692)
Iris

Born into a prominent Nuremberg family, Magdalena Rosina Funck was only twenty when she completed her Blumenbuch (“Book of flowers”). Although nothing is known about her artistic training, the city saw the emergence of a number of women botanical artists following the residence of Maria Sibylla Merian in 1670–82, during which she made her living by training the daughters of wealthy citizens in painting and embroidery. Funck’s album at Dumbarton Oaks, which includes 297 watercolors of flowers—an astounding floral variety—with their German names added in ink, was a gift to her father’s alma mater, the University of Altdorf, celebrated for its botanical garden. An eighteenth-century copy of these drawings is at the Hunt Institute in Pittsburgh.

 
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Lychnis coronaria
Lychnis coronaria

Artist unknown, woodcut, from Pietro Andrea Mattioli, Commentarii in sex libros Pedacci Dioscoridis (Venice: Valgrisi, 1565)

Woodblock of Imperatoria
Woodblock of Imperatoria

Artist unknown, ca. 1560s, 22 × 16 × 2 cm, wood carving

Partial reproduction of woodblock of Imperatoria
Partial reproduction of woodblock of Imperatoria

Jessie Wei-Hsuan Chen, 2020, 22 × 16 × 2 cm, wood carving

Kielmeyera oblonga
Kielmeyera oblonga

Wilhelm Sandler, 55 × 38 cm, hand-colored lithograph, from Johann Emanuel Pohl, Plantarum Brasiliae icones et descriptions, vol. 2 (Vienna: Strauss, 1827–31)

Lafoensia densiflora
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Wilhelm Sandler, 55 × 38 cm, hand-colored lithograph, from Johann Emanuel Pohl, Plantarum Brasiliae icones et descriptions, vol. 2 (Vienna: Strauss, 1827–31)

Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Pieter Sluyter after Maria Sibylla Merian (1647–1717), hand-colored etching and engraving, from Maria Sibylla Merian, Metamorphosis insectorum surinamensium (Amsterdam: Oosterwyk, 1719), plate 45

Ananas comosus
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Joseph Mulder after Maria Sibylla Merian (1647–1717), hand-colored etching and engraving, from Maria Sibylla Merian, Metamorphosis insectorum surinamensium (Amsterdam: Oosterwyk, 1719), plate 1

Carica papaya; or, papaw tree
Carica papaya; or, papaw tree

Lydia Byam (1772–after 1799), watercolor, from A Collection of Exotics, from the Island of Antigua, by a Lady (London: White, ca. 1799), plate 9

Carica papaya, or, papaw tree; the female tree
Carica papaya, or, papaw tree; the female tree

Lydia Byam (1772–after 1799), watercolor, from A Collection of Exotics, from the Island of Antigua, by a Lady (London: White, ca. 1799), plate 10

Musa
Musa

Giovanna Garzoni (1600–70), Musa, watercolor and gouache, from Piante Varie (ca. 1631), folio 8r

Thymelaea
Thymelaea

Giovanna Garzoni (1600–70), watercolor and gouache, signed “GARZON,” from Piante Varie (ca. 1631), folio 34r

Vase of flowers
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Anna Maria Vaiani (fl. 1627–50), engraving, signed “Anna M.a Vaiana,” from Giovanni Battista Ferrari, De florum cultura (Rome: Stephanus Paulinus, 1633)

Iris
Iris

Magdalena Rosina Funck, née Heuchelin (1672–95), watercolor, from Blumenbuch (1692)

Strelitzia reginae. Canna-leaved strelitzia
Strelitzia reginae. Canna-leaved strelitzia

Augusta Jane Robley, née Penfold (1809–68), color lithograph, from Augusta Robley, A Selection of Madeira Flowers, drawn and coloured from nature, with text by Reverend William Lewes Pugh Garnons (1791–1863) (London: Reeve, Brothers, 1845), plate 1

Sechium edule. The eatable choko, or chou-chou
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Augusta Jane Robley, née Penfold (1809–68), color lithograph, from Augusta Robley, A Selection of Madeira Flowers, drawn and coloured from nature, with text by Reverend William Lewes Pugh Garnons (1791–1863) (London: Reeve, Brothers, 1845), plate 4

Dahlias
Dahlias

Clara Maria Pope, née Leigh (1767–1838), 1818, 58.2 × 49.6 cm, gouache with gum arabic, signed and dated “Clara Maria Pope 1818,” illustration for Samuel Curtis, The Beauties of Flora (Gamston: Curtis, 1820)

Polyanthus
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Clara Maria Pope, née Leigh (1767–1838), before 1820, 58.2 × 49.6 cm, watercolor and gouache, signed “Clara Maria Pope,” illustration for Samuel Curtis, The Beauties of Flora (Gamston: Curtis, 1820)

Roses, lilacs, and lilies
Roses, lilacs, and lilies

Camille de Chantereine (1810–47), ca. 1834–47, 34.8 × 26.5 cm, watercolor on vellum, signed in pencil “C de Chantereine / Peintre de fleurs de La Majesté / l’Imperatrice Douairière du Brazil / Duchesse de Braganza”

Amaryllis fulgida
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Priscilla Susan Bury, née Falkner (1799–1872), 1832, 54 × 42.5 cm, gouache, signed and dated “P. S. Bury del.t Apr. 1832”