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N. Mavrokatakalos (twelfth century)

Accession number BZS.1947.2.1193
Diameter 30 mm
Field diameter 22 mm


Standing St. Theodore, facing, holding a spear in in  right hand and a shield in his left, rested upon the ground. Inscription in columns to both sides: |ΘΕ|ΟΔ||ΡΟ|Σ: ὁ ἅγιος Θεοδώρος. Linear border.


Inscription in four lines. Linear border.


Σφρὰγις ὁ Μαυβροκατάκαλος


Σφρὰγις ὁ Μαυβροκατάκαλος.

Mavrokatakalos is the seal.


Because of the irregularity of the inscription and style of the seal, Laurent expresses doubt regarding the authenticity of this specimen in his unpublished catalogue of the Shaw collection.

The seal-owner does not give his first name within the inscription; perhaps we are to interpret that he is Theodore, to be inferred from the saint depicted on the obverse.

Additionally note the overcorrection in the spelling of the family name: there are two sounds for β given, the "correct" spelling using a dipthong, and the phonetic spelling using a β.