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Eustratios (Romaios?) spatharokandidatos and kommerkiarios of Persthlavitza (eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1947.2.2128
Diameter 19 mm
Condition Blank too small for die.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 78.1a.
Oikonomides, Presthlavitza, no. 5 (a-b).

Obverse

Bust of the Virgin holding Christ. Sigla: ΜΡΘ: Μήτηρ Θεοῦ. Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of six lines preceded by an ornament. Border of dots.

·
ΕΥΣΤΡ
ΣΠΑΘ,Κ,Δ.
ΚΟΜΕΡΚ.
ΠΕΡΣΘΛΑ
.ΑΣΤΟ
.ΩΜ

Εὐστρατίῳ σπαθαροκανδιδάτῳ καὶ κομερκιαρίῳ Περσθλάβιτζας το ωμαίῳ (?)

Translation

Εὐστρατίῳ σπαθαροκανδιδάτῳ καὶ κομερκιαρίῳ Περσθλάβιτζας το Ῥωμαίῳ (?).

Eustratios Romaios (?), spatharokandidatos and kommerkiarios of Persthlavitza.

Commentary

The reading of this seal has been restored on the basis of its better preserved parallel from the same boulloterion: BZS 1951.31.5.1750.

In the sigla (obv.), the word Θεοῦ appears in an unusual ligature. The reading of the family name is not certain, but the name Ρωμαῖος is well attested (Oikonomides, Presthlavitza, 3 note 9).

The literature concerning the probable location of "Little Preslav" is summarized in Oikonomides, Presthlavitza. The city could be placed at the mouth of the Danube River (at Prislava = Nufǎrul?). Established with its own strategos (DO Seals 1, no. 78.4), the city probably served as an entrepôt in trade between the Byzantines and the Rus during an eleventh century (hence the many seals of kommerkiarioi), only to decline in the twelfth, perhaps due to the development of new trade routes. I. Jordanov proposed that Preslavitza was also named Theodoroupolis by John Tzimiskes in 971, a name that disappeared when the city was recaptured by the Bulgars: I. Jordanov, "Koj bŭlgarski grad e bil narečen Teodoropol?" Vekove [1983] 58-62. But this point of view has been challenged by P. Diaconu, "Où se trouvait Théodoroupolis, nom consigné sur certains sceaux du Grand Preslav?" Vtori meždunaroden kongres po bŭlgaristika, Dokladi 6 (Sofia, 1987) 437-47.

Accession number BZS.1947.2.2128
Diameter 19 mm
Condition Blank too small for die.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 78.1a.
Oikonomides, Presthlavitza, no. 5 (a-b).

Accession number BZS.1947.2.2128
Diameter 19 mm
Condition Blank too small for die.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 78.1a.
Oikonomides, Presthlavitza, no. 5 (a-b).

Notes

Accession number BZS.1947.2.2128
Diameter 19 mm
Condition Blank too small for die.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 78.1a.
Oikonomides, Presthlavitza, no. 5 (a-b).