You are here:Home/Resources/ Byzantine Seals/ Search the Catalogue/ Leo "Toxeas," imperial spatharios and protonotarios of Nikopolis (ninth/tenth century)

Leo "Toxeas," imperial spatharios and protonotarios of Nikopolis (ninth/tenth century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1188
Diameter 23 mm
Field diameter 17 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 2.5.
Seibt, Nikopolis, no. 14.

Obverse

Patriarchal cross on three steps; at the end of the lower arms, two pellets form a vertical end; the three upper arms end with one pellet (thus it could as well be described as a cross potent with two transverse bars; the same motif is found on other 9th-century seals: e.g. DOSeals 1, no. 5.11 and 5.12). Circular inscription placed between one border of dots (inside) and a double border of dots (outside).

ΚΕΟΗΘΗΤΟΣΣΟΥΛ,

Κύριε βοήθη το σῷ δούλ

Reverse

Inscription of five lines preceded and followed by rows of pellets. Border of dots.


ΛΕΝ
,ΣΠΑΘΑΡ,
ΑΝΟΤΑΡ,ΝΙ
ΚΟΠΟΛΤ
ΟΞΕΑΣ

Λέωντι βασιλικῷ σπαθαρίῳ καὶ πρωτονοταρίῳ Νικοπόλεως ὡ Τοξέας.

Translation

Κύριε βοήθη το σῷ δούλῳ Λέωντι βασιλικῷ σπαθαρίῳ καὶ πρωτονοταρίῳ Νικοπόλεως ὡ Τοξέας.

Lord, help your servant Leo "the bowman," imperial spatharios and protonotarios of Nikopolis.

Commentary

Seibt dated this specimen to the late 9th century; in our opinion, a 9th/10th-century date is more appropriate on account of the compact epigraphic characters (cf. Dated Seals, nos. 55, 59, 60, 61). This date is also suggested by the type of the cross on the obverse.

It is quite common on seals to have the whole inscription written out in the dative and family name at the end in the nominative.

The main problem lies in explaining lines 4 and 5; our reading is based on the assumption that Toxeas, not to our knowledge attested elsewhere as a surname, comes from the ancient τοξεύς ("bowman"), and could be a surname as well as a nickname (which seems to us more likely).

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1188
Diameter 23 mm
Field diameter 17 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 2.5.
Seibt, Nikopolis, no. 14.

Notes

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1188
Diameter 23 mm
Field diameter 17 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 2.5.
Seibt, Nikopolis, no. 14.

Parallels

Related Content