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Theodosios bishop of Athens (seventh/eighth century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1529
Diameter 30 mm
Condition Struck off-center. Chipped.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 9.4.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 587. Laurent edited a seal originally published by Lihačev (IZIGI, 118, note 1 and fig. 261) but illustrated the Fogg specimen (pl. 80). The Lihačev specimen has a poorly struck obverse, the Fogg specimen a poorly struck reverse. The two correspond very closely in the style of the iconography on the obv. and the lettering on the rev. They seem to come from the same boulloterion; the apparent slight differences are likely due to defective strikes. But even if from different boulloteria, it is obvious that they were modeled on each other.

Obverse

Standing Virgin, holding Christ. On either side, cruciform monogram: Θεοτόκε βοήθει. Wreath border.

Θεοτόκε βοήθει

Reverse

Inscription of four lines. Wreath border.

...Δ.
ΙΕΠ
ΚΟΠΑ
ΘΝ

Θεοδοσίῳ ἐπισκόπῳ Ἀθηνῶν

Translation

Θεοτόκε βοήθει Θεοδοσίῳ ἐπισκόπῳ Ἀθηνῶν.

Mother of God, help Theodosios bishop of Athens.

Commentary

We follow Laurent (contra Lihačev) in dating this specimen before the beginning of Iconoclasm, when the Virgin's face and cloak tended to be more naturalistically rendered than in later periods, when the monograms flanking her were not yet elongated (e.g., Zacos-Veglery, nos. 1331A, 1333), and when such archaic characters as the epsilon with a long horizontal bar () and the shallow omega were still in use (Dated Seals, nos. 15-27; 8, 11-14, 16, 20, 23-25). A Theodosios of Athens is mentioned (at an unspecified date) in the Life of St. Leontios (REB 43 [1985] 239).

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1529
Diameter 30 mm
Condition Struck off-center. Chipped.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 9.4.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 587. Laurent edited a seal originally published by Lihačev (IZIGI, 118, note 1 and fig. 261) but illustrated the Fogg specimen (pl. 80). The Lihačev specimen has a poorly struck obverse, the Fogg specimen a poorly struck reverse. The two correspond very closely in the style of the iconography on the obv. and the lettering on the rev. They seem to come from the same boulloterion; the apparent slight differences are likely due to defective strikes. But even if from different boulloteria, it is obvious that they were modeled on each other.

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1529
Diameter 30 mm
Condition Struck off-center. Chipped.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 9.4.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 587. Laurent edited a seal originally published by Lihačev (IZIGI, 118, note 1 and fig. 261) but illustrated the Fogg specimen (pl. 80). The Lihačev specimen has a poorly struck obverse, the Fogg specimen a poorly struck reverse. The two correspond very closely in the style of the iconography on the obv. and the lettering on the rev. They seem to come from the same boulloterion; the apparent slight differences are likely due to defective strikes. But even if from different boulloteria, it is obvious that they were modeled on each other.

Notes

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1529
Diameter 30 mm
Condition Struck off-center. Chipped.
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 9.4.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 587. Laurent edited a seal originally published by Lihačev (IZIGI, 118, note 1 and fig. 261) but illustrated the Fogg specimen (pl. 80). The Lihačev specimen has a poorly struck obverse, the Fogg specimen a poorly struck reverse. The two correspond very closely in the style of the iconography on the obv. and the lettering on the rev. They seem to come from the same boulloterion; the apparent slight differences are likely due to defective strikes. But even if from different boulloteria, it is obvious that they were modeled on each other.

Parallels

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