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Constantine imperial strator and kommerkiarios of the West (tenth century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.1748
Diameter 25 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 1.23.


Profile of (seemingly) an athlete with a muscular neck and straight nose, wearing a simple crown. Circular inscription along a border of dots.


Κ(ύρι)ε βοήθη τῷ σῷ δούλῳ


Inscription of five lines; cross of dots above. Border of dots.


Κωνσταντ(ίνῳ) β(ασιλικῷ) στράτωρ(ι) (καὶ) κουμερκια(ρίῳ) τῖς Δύ(σεως)


Κύριε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Κωνσταντίνῳ βασιλικῷ στράτωρι καὶ κομμερκιαρίῳ τῆς Δύσεως.

Lord, help your servant Constantine, imperial strator and kommerkiarios of the West.


In the ninth and tenth centuries, the kommerkiarioi were fiscal officials of the logothete of the genikon, related to the collection of the 10 percent tax on merchandise called kommerion (Listes, 313; Bibicou, Douanes, passim, Oikonomides, Kommerkiarioi, 49). Usually their jurisdiction was defined by the name of one city or of one theme. In the case of the kommerkiarioi of "the West", Bibicou is likely incorrect that they are in charge of the whole Balkan peninsula, especially because they coexist with kommerkiarioi of cities or themes belonging to the Byzantine West. It is more likely that their jurisdiction was limited to part of the Balkan peninsula, such as for example, the island of Corfu, where the baggage of Liutprand of Cremona was searched, but for which we have no seals of kommerkiarioi.