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Constantine protokentarchos of Aigaion Pelagos (tenth/eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.2368
Diameter 26 mm
Field diameter 20 mm
Condition Oxidated. Double struck (rev.).
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 40.24.


Bust of St. George with spear and shield. Vertical inscription: |Γ|ΕΟ|Ρ|ΓΙ|Ο: Ὁ ἅγιος Γεόργιος. Border of dots.


Inscription. Double linear border.


Κωνσταντῖνος πρωτοκένταρχος τοῦ Ἐγέου Πελάγους


Κωνσταντῖνος πρωτοκένταρχος τοῦ Ἐγέου Πελάγους.

Constantine protokentarchos of Aigaion Pelagos.


When used in connection with a non-maritime theme, kentarchos refers to the commander of a detachment of (100?) spatharioi, the guard of the strategos; when it is used in association with a maritime theme, it signifies the commander of a warship or dromon (Listes, 341). The designation "protokentarchos" does not appear in the taktika although it certainly was in existence around 900, as shown by seals (list in Laurent, Orghidan, no. 220; cf. Zacos, Seals II, no. 673); six protokentarchoi were members of the entourage of the strategos of the Thrakesion are mentioned in 911 (Cer., 663), and the protokentarchoi appear regularly as subordinates of the provincial strategoi or doukes in archival documents (the earliest that we know is in act of 995: Actes d'Iviron I, ed. J. Lefort, N. Oikonomides, D. Papachryssanthou [Paris, 1985], no. 8, lines 11-12).