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Euthymios II, Patriarch of Constantinople (1410–1416)

 
 

Obverse

The Mother of God, seated on a backless throne, holding Christ on her knees. At left and right, two sets of sigla, M-P-ΘV: Μή(τη)ρ Θ(εο)ῦ, and IC-XC: Ἰ(ησοῦ)ς Χ(ριστό)ς. Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of seven lines. Border of dots.

ΕΥΘΥΙΟΣ
ΕΕΩΘΥΑΡΧΙΕΠΙ
.ΚΟΠΟΣΚΩΝΤΙ
.ΟΥΠΟΕΩΣΝΕΣ
.ΩΣΚΙΟΙΚΟΥ
.ΕΝΙΚΟΣΠ.
......

Εὐθύμιος ἐλέῳ Θ(εο)ῦ ἀρχιεπί[σ]κοπος Κωνσταντι[ν]ουπόλεως Νέας [Ῥ]ώμης καὶ οἰκου[μ]ενικὸς π(ατ)[ριάρχης]

Obverse

The Mother of God, seated on a backless throne, holding Christ on her knees. At left and right, two sets of sigla, M-P-ΘV: Μή(τη)ρ Θ(εο)ῦ, and IC-XC: Ἰ(ησοῦ)ς Χ(ριστό)ς. Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of seven lines. Border of dots.

ΕΥΘΥΙΟΣ
ΕΕΩΘΥΑΡΧΙΕΠΙ
.ΚΟΠΟΣΚΩΝΤΙ
.ΟΥΠΟΕΩΣΝΕΣ
.ΩΣΚΙΟΙΚΟΥ
.ΕΝΙΚΟΣΠ.
......

Εὐθύμιος ἐλέῳ Θ(εο)ῦ ἀρχιεπί[σ]κοπος Κωνσταντι[ν]ουπόλεως Νέας [Ῥ]ώμης καὶ οἰκου[μ]ενικὸς π(ατ)[ριάρχης]

Accession number BZS.1951.31.5.548
Diameter 35.0 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 6, no. 128.1; Zacos, Seals 2: no. 52; Laurent, Corpus 5.1: no. 48. Cf. Galavaris, “Thokos,” no. 71 (p. 181).

Credit Line Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Bequest of Thomas Whittemore.

Translation

Εὐθύμιος ἐλέῳ Θεοῦ ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντινουπόλεως Νέας Ῥώμης καὶ οἰκουμενικὸς πατριάρχης.

Euthymios, by the grace of God, archbishop of Constantinople the New Rome and ecumenical Patriarch.

Commentary

Euthymios began his ecclesiastical career as a monk. Before 1385 he became a hieromonk and by 1396 was archimandrite of the Stoudios monastery (Janin, Églises, 433), the sanctuary where his remains were buried. See PLP 3, no. 6268.

Bibliography

  • Catalogue of Byzantine Seals at Dumbarton Oaks and in the Fogg Museum of Art, Vol. 6, Emperors, Patriarchs of Constantinople, Addenda (Open in Zotero)
  • Byzantine Lead Seals, Vol. 2 (Open in Zotero)
  • Le Corpus des sceaux de l’empire byzantin (Open in Zotero)
  • The Representation of the Virgin and Child on a ‘Thokos’ on Seals of the Constantinopolitan Patriarchs (Open in Zotero)
  • La géographie ecclésiastique de l’empire byzantin, Vol. 1, Le siège de Constantinople et le patriarcat oecuménique, Pt. 3, Les églises et les monastères (Open in Zotero)
  • Prosopographisches Lexikon der Palaiologenzeit (Open in Zotero)