You are here:Home/Resources/ Byzantine Seals/ Search the Catalogue/ Anonymous (eleventh/twelfth century)

Anonymous (eleventh/twelfth century)

 
 

Obverse

Bust of the Virgin oransSigla preserved at left: ̣̅ : Μή(τη)ρ [Θ(εο)ῦ]. Indeterminate border.

Reverse

The remains of two figures standing, with the left figure almost completely missing; Peter (left) and Paul (right) embracing. Inscription in two columns (only fragment of right survives): .|Π̣|.|.|., : [ὁ ἅ(γιος) Πέτρος | ὁ ἅ(γιος)] Π[αύλ](ος). Indeterminate border.

Obverse

Bust of the Virgin oransSigla preserved at left: ̣̅ : Μή(τη)ρ [Θ(εο)ῦ]. Indeterminate border.

Reverse

The remains of two figures standing, with the left figure almost completely missing; Peter (left) and Paul (right) embracing. Inscription in two columns (only fragment of right survives): .|Π̣|.|.|., : [ὁ ἅ(γιος) Πέτρος | ὁ ἅ(γιος)] Π[αύλ](ος). Indeterminate border.

Accession number BZS.1955.1.1901
Diameter 18.0 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 7, 5.38. 

Commentary

Among the published collections there are just nine examples of the image of Peter and Paul embracing, all belonging to the eleventh and eleventh/twelfth centuries. This image has been understood in various ways within the context of eleventh-century ecclesiastical events: as an emblem of reconciliation between Rome and Constantinople following the schism of 1054; as an image of current Byzantine liturgical Eucharistic practices; and as a visual statement of anti-Latin polemics regarding Eucharistic practices of concelebrating clergy. For a discussion of published seals bearing the image of Peter and Paul embracing, see Cotsonis, “Contribution,” 419-421 and Stepanenko, “The Sts. Apostles Sts. Peter and Paul,” 319-321. For discussion of the historical and liturgical understandings of the image, see Gerstel, “Apostolic Embraces,” 141-148; eadem, Beholding the Sacred Mysteries, 59-63; and Sinkević, Nerezi, 33.