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John horreiarios of Panarmos (eleventh century)

 
 

Obverse

Bust of St. Nicholas blessing and holding a book. Inscription in two columns: |Ν.|ΚΛ|Α|Ο: Ὁ ἅ(γιος) Ν[ι]κ(ό)λαο(ς). Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of four lines with decoration above. No visible border.


+ΚΕ,Θ,
Ι̅ΟΡ,ΑΡ,
ΠΑΝΑΡ
Μ

Κ(ύρι)ε β(οή)θ(ει) Ἰω(άννῃ) ὁρ(ι)αρ(ίῳ) Πανάρμου

Obverse

Bust of St. Nicholas blessing and holding a book. Inscription in two columns: |Ν.|ΚΛ|Α|Ο: Ὁ ἅ(γιος) Ν[ι]κ(ό)λαο(ς). Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of four lines with decoration above. No visible border.


+ΚΕ,Θ,
Ι̅ΟΡ,ΑΡ,
ΠΑΝΑΡ
Μ

Κ(ύρι)ε β(οή)θ(ει) Ἰω(άννῃ) ὁρ(ι)αρ(ίῳ) Πανάρμου

Accession number BZS.1955.1.2409
Diameter 22.0 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 62.1.

Translation

Κύριε βοήθει Ἰωάννῃ ὁριαρίῳ Πανάρμου.

Lord, help John, horreiarios of Panarmos.

Commentary

Further seals of horreiarioi of Panarmos are published in Sig., 734; Ebersolt, Sceaux, 39; Zacos, Seals II, no. 634. For the horreiarioi, cf. J. Haldon, "Comes horreorum - komes tes lamias," BMGS 10 (1987) 203-9.

Today Panormos is Bandirma, east of Kyzikos (the dates of our seals rule out the Sicilian Panormos, or Palermo). The city has been to the present day famous as an export centre of agricultural produce, and this shows in the numerous seals of horrearioi that are preserved. It seems that the original name was Panarmos (this seal, BZS.1958.106.2266) and was transformed in Greek as Panormos because of a false etymology.

Bibliography

  • Catalogue of Byzantine Seals at Dumbarton Oaks and at the Fogg Museum of Art, Vol. 3: West, Northwest, and Central Asia Minor and the Orient (Open in Zotero)
  • Sigillographie de l’Empire byzantin (Open in Zotero)
  • Sceaux byzantins du musée de Constantinople (Open in Zotero)
  • Byzantine Lead Seals, Vol. 2 (Open in Zotero)