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Theophilos bishop of Basilaion (first half of the eleventh century)

Accession number BZS.1955.1.4688
Diameter 27 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 4, no. 3.1.


Bust of the Virgin holding Christ on her left arm. Sigla: μ̅ρ-.. : Μ(ήτη)ρ [Θ(εο)ῦ]. Traces of a circular inscription, beginning at seven o'clock. Border of dots.


[Θ(εοτόκ)ε] βοήθ[ει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ]


Inscription of four lines, decorations above and below. Border of dots.


Θεοφί[λ]ῳ ἐπισκόπῳ Βα[σι]λαίου


Θεοτόκε βοήθει τῷ σῷ δούλῳ Θεοφίλῳ ἐπισκόπῳ Βασιλαίου.

Mother of God, help your servant Theophilos, bishop of Basilaion.


A similar specimen in the Vienna Cabinet, but from a different boulloterion, is published by Lauren, Corpus V/1, no. 345. The Vienna specimen has the same iconography and inscriptions and, as such, probably belonged to the same prelate as did this seal.

Basilaion (located at one km from Sariyar Köprüsü, on the Scopias River in Galatia) was known in Antiquity as Gordiou kome, and from the first century onwards as Ioulioupolis (or Helioupolis). In the conciliar acts of 869 we find the name Ioulioupolis joined with the name Basilaion (Mansi, XVI, 159D), a situation also found in an early Xth-century episcopal list where the see has the double designation: Ἰουλιουπόλεως ἤτοι Βασιλαίου (Darrouzès, Notitiae, no. 7, l, 172). The see was elevated to a metropolis by Constantine X Doukas (1059-1067). See Laurent, Corpus V/1, 244, 617-618; Belke-Restle, Galatien und Lykaonien, 181-82. List of prelates in Fedalto, HEO I, 58-59.