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Anonymous (eleventh/twelfth century)

 
 

Obverse

Bust of the Virgin orans. Sigla: ̣̅ΘΥ̅ : Μή(τη)ρ Θ(εο)ῦ. Indeterminate border.

Reverse

St Peter (left) and St Paul (right) standing and embracing. Inscription in two columns: |̣Ε̣|Τ̣̣|..|.|Λ̣ : ὁ ἅ(γιος) Πέτ(ρος) and ὁ ἅ(γιος) [Παύ]λ(ος). Indeterminate border.

Obverse

Bust of the Virgin orans. Sigla: ̣̅ΘΥ̅ : Μή(τη)ρ Θ(εο)ῦ. Indeterminate border.

Reverse

St Peter (left) and St Paul (right) standing and embracing. Inscription in two columns: |̣Ε̣|Τ̣̣|..|.|Λ̣ : ὁ ἅ(γιος) Πέτ(ρος) and ὁ ἅ(γιος) [Παύ]λ(ος). Indeterminate border.

Accession number BZS.1958.106.1649
Diameter 21.0 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 7, 5.39.

Commentary

Among the published collections there are just nine examples of the image of Peter and Paul embracing, all belonging to the eleventh and eleventh/twelfth centuries. This image has been understood in various ways within the context of eleventh-century ecclesiastical events: as an emblem of reconciliation between Rome and Constantinople following the schism of 1054; as an image of current Byzantine liturgical Eucharistic practices; and as a visual statement of anti-Latin polemics regarding Eucharistic practices of concelebrating clergy. For a discussion of published seals bearing the image of Peter and Paul embracing, see Cotsonis, “Contribution,” 419-421 and Stepanenko, “The Sts. Apostles Sts. Peter and Paul,” 319-321. For discussion of the historical and liturgical understandings of the image, see Gerstel, “Apostolic Embraces,” 141-148; eadem, Beholding the Sacred Mysteries, 59-63; and Sinkević, Nerezi, 33.