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Peter bishop of Kadosia (tenth/eleventh century)

 
 

Obverse

Bust of St. Peter blessing and holding book. Vertical inscription. ετρ|οσ: [ὁ ἅ(γιος) Π]έτρος. Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of four lines. Decorations above and below. Border of dots.


..ΕΤΡ,
.ΠΙΣΚ.
Π,ΚΑΔ.
ΣΗΟΝ

Πέτρ πισκόπ Καδοσήον

Obverse

Bust of St. Peter blessing and holding book. Vertical inscription. ετρ|οσ: [ὁ ἅ(γιος) Π]έτρος. Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of four lines. Decorations above and below. Border of dots.


..ΕΤΡ,
.ΠΙΣΚ.
Π,ΚΑΔ.
ΣΗΟΝ

Πέτρ πισκόπ Καδοσήον

Accession number BZS.1958.106.25
Diameter 26.0 mm; field: 18.0 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 82.1.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 292 (misread as Arkadioupolis).

Translation

Πέτρῳ ἐπισκόπῳ Καδοσήον.

Peter, bishop of Kadosia.

Commentary

The saint represented on the obverse is not Peter the apostle but rather one of the bishop saints of this name, such as St. Peter of Nicaea the confessor (September 11), St. Peter of Alexandria the martyr (November 25), St. Peter of Argos the ascete (May 3), or St. Peter of Crete the martyr (July 16): Syn. Eccl. CP, 36, 256, 652, 824. Of these the first is the most likely because of the region where the owner of our seal exercised his office.

Καδοσία is a Bithynian bishopric that also went by the name of Γάλλος or Λόφοι, a suffragan to Nikomedeia. In the Quinisext Council its bishop signed as Γάλλου, Καδοσίας and Καδοσέων (Mansi XI, 618, 649, 677). Cf. Darrouzès, Notitiae, index, s.v.; Ramsay, 182, 247; Janin, Grands centres, 78-80, 129; Zgusta, 210.

Bibliography

  • Catalogue of Byzantine Seals at Dumbarton Oaks and at the Fogg Museum of Art, Vol. 3: West, Northwest, and Central Asia Minor and the Orient (Open in Zotero)
  • Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio (Open in Zotero)
  • Notitiae Episcopatuum Ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae (Open in Zotero)
  • La géographie ecclésiastique de l’empire byzantin, vol. 2, Les églises et les monastères des grands centres byzantins (Open in Zotero)
  • Kleinasiatische Ortsnamen (Open in Zotero)
  • Le Corpus des sceaux de l’empire byzantin (Open in Zotero)