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Anonymous (twelfth century, second half)

 
 

Obverse

St Eudokimos in military costume, holding a lance in his right hand and a shield in his left. Inscription in two columns: |ΕΥ|ΔΟ|ΚΙ|Ο|Σ : ὁ ἅ(γιος) Εὐδόκιμος. Border of dots.

Reverse

St Panteleimon, holding an uncertain object (a small cross or medical instrument) in his right hand. Inscription in two columns: |Π|Α|Ν̣Τ|ΛΕ|, : ὁ ἁ(γιος) Παντελε(ή)μ(ων). Border of dots.

Obverse

St Eudokimos in military costume, holding a lance in his right hand and a shield in his left. Inscription in two columns: |ΕΥ|ΔΟ|ΚΙ|Ο|Σ : ὁ ἅ(γιος) Εὐδόκιμος. Border of dots.

Reverse

St Panteleimon, holding an uncertain object (a small cross or medical instrument) in his right hand. Inscription in two columns: |Π|Α|Ν̣Τ|ΛΕ|, : ὁ ἁ(γιος) Παντελε(ή)μ(ων). Border of dots.

Accession number BZS.1958.106.3998
Diameter 16.0 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 7, no. 16.71.

Commentary

This is the only known depiction of Saint Eudokimos on a seal. It refers to the ninth-century saint from a noble family of Cappadocia who was appointed the stratopedarches of Charsianon. Shortly after his death his relics were translated to Constantinople and a cult dedicated to him soon developed: a canon in his honor was composed by the late ninth-century monastic, Joseph the Hymnographer; he was provided a Metaphrastian vita and he appears in the Synaxarion of Constantinople as well as in the text of the Menologion of Basil II. His feast day is celebrated on 31 July (SynxCP, 857). His tomb soon became a well-known site of pilgrimage upon word of posthumous healing miracles. Possibly this explains why he is paired with Panteleimon on our seal, who was one of the famous healing saints. The cult of Eudokimos was essentially a Constantinopolitan phenomenon and therefore the owner of our seal may have been a resident of the capital. For discussion of Saint Eudokimos, see ODB, 2, 740; and Gerolymatou, “Saint Eudokimos,” 79-90.

Parallel to Jordanov, Bulgaria, 3:2, no. 2572, where an earlier date is given and the saintly figures are not identified.