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Basil Erotikos, judge of Hellas and the Peloponnesos (eleventh century)

 
 

Obverse

Inscription of five lines with decoration above; the final two letters are flanked by bars. Border of dots.

 
ΕΡΤΙ
ΚΟΥΣΦΡΑ
ΓΙΣΜΑΤ
ΑΣ,ΛΕΙ
ΟΥ

Ἐρωτικοῦ σφράγισμα τοῦ Βασιλείου

Reverse

Inscription of five lines preceded by decoration, the final three letters flanked by bars. Border of dots.

 
ΚΡΙΣΙΣ
ΕΠΟΝΤΟΣ
ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ
ΚΑΙΠΕΛ,
ΠΝ

κρίσις ἕποντος Ἑλλάδος καὶ Πελόπων

Obverse

Inscription of five lines with decoration above; the final two letters are flanked by bars. Border of dots.

 
ΕΡΤΙ
ΚΟΥΣΦΡΑ
ΓΙΣΜΑΤ
ΑΣ,ΛΕΙ
ΟΥ

Ἐρωτικοῦ σφράγισμα τοῦ Βασιλείου

Reverse

Inscription of five lines preceded by decoration, the final three letters flanked by bars. Border of dots.

 
ΚΡΙΣΙΣ
ΕΠΟΝΤΟΣ
ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ
ΚΑΙΠΕΛ,
ΠΝ

κρίσις ἕποντος Ἑλλάδος καὶ Πελόπων

Accession number BZS.1958.106.4920
Diameter 26.0 mm; field: 19.0 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 8.18. Cf. Wassiliou-Seibt, Siegel mit metrischen Legenden I, no. 796.
Cf. two specimens from the Athens Numismatic Museum: one, incorrectly read, in Sig., 191-192, then by Konstantopoulos, no. 95, who also added no. 94β, a specimen, that came from the Constantinopolitan Macrides collection, perhaps identical with the one published by A. Mordtmann, "Μολυβδόβουλλα Βυζαντινά ἐπαρχιῶν Εὐρώπης," Ἑλλ. Φιλολ. Σύλλ. 17 (1886), Suppl., 151, no. 25. See also Bees, Zur Sigillographie, 227 (insecure proposals for identification) and Laurent, Bulles métriques, no. 140). Another was found in the excavation of Corinth: Corinth XII, no. 2810. They all may come from the same boulloterion as the DO seal.

Translation

Ἐρωτικοῦ σφράγισμα τοῦ Βασιλείου κρίσις ἕποντος Ἑλλάδος καὶ Πελόπων.

The seal of Basil Erotikos who handles legal decisions in Hellas and the Peloponnesos.

Commentary

Two twelve syllable verses. In verse 2; κρίσις should be read as κρίσεις; at the end, all editors of the Athens specimens restored Πελοποννήσου; but we maintain that for sake of the metre the archaic Πελόπων was used as a poetic name indicating the Peloponnesians (cf. the common usage of ἡ Πέλοπος for the Peloponnesos). Cf. Bon, Péloponnèse, 194-95, with no further information on Basil Erotikos. On the family, cf. JÖB 38 (1978) 206-7.

Bibliography

  • Catalogue of the Byzantine Seals at Dumbarton Oaks and at the Fogg Museum of Art, Vol. 2: South of the Balkans, the Islands, South of Asia Minor (Open in Zotero)
  • Βυζαντιακὰ μολυβδόβουλλα τοῦ ἐν ἈΘήναις Ἐθνικοῦ Νομισματικοῦ Μουσείου (Open in Zotero)
  • Les bulles métriques dans la sigillographie byzantine (Open in Zotero)
  • Corinth, Vol. 12, The Minor Objects (Open in Zotero)
  • Le Peloponnese byzantin jusqu’en 1204 (Open in Zotero)
  • Byzantine Lead Seals, Vol. 1 (Open in Zotero)
  • Du stratège de thème au duc: chronologie de l’évolution au cours du XIe siècle (Open in Zotero)
  • Les listes de préséance byzantines des IXe et Xe siècles (Open in Zotero)
  • Hellas und Thessalia (Open in Zotero)
  • Byzantinische Rang- und Ämterstruktur im 8. und 9. Jahrhundert: Faktoren und Tendenzen ihrer Entwicklung (Open in Zotero)
  • Die byzantinische Armee im 10. und 11. Jahrhundert: Studien zur Organisation der Tagmata (Open in Zotero)
  • Sigillographie de l’Empire byzantin (Open in Zotero)
  • Zur Sigillographie der byzantinischen Themen Peloponnes und Hellas (Open in Zotero)
  • Corpus der byzantinischen Siegel mit metrischen Legenden, Vol. 1, Siegellegenden von Alpha bis inclusive My (Open in Zotero)