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George metropolitan of Athens (1153-May 16, 1160)

Accession number BZS.1958.106.5113
Diameter 16 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 2, no. 9.5.
Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 603, re-edited (several previous editions) a similar seal from the Vienna cabinet (not from the same boulloterion) but in fact illustrated the DO specimen (pl. 82). The Vienna and DO specimens have the same representation on the obverse and the same alignment of letters (although the lettering is different). The two specimens were issued by the same individual.


Bust of the Virgin holding Christ; details indistinct. On either side: ΜΗΡΘΥ: Μήτηρ Θεοῦ. Border of dots.


Inscription of four lines, cross above. Border of dots.


Σφραγὶς Ἀθηνῶν ποιμένος Γεωργίου


Σφραγὶς Ἀθηνῶν ποιμένος Γεωργίου.

Seal of George metropolitan of Athens.


One dodecasyllable verse using the term poimen in place of metropolitan to fit the metre. Since only two metropolitans named George occupied the throne of Athens between the 10th and 12th centuries, we may confidently assign this seal to George Bourtzes, who succeeded by Leo Xeros in 1153 and died on May 16, 1160 (Cheynet-Vannier, 52, no. 31; Orlandos-Branouses, no. 40).