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Leo bishop of Phokia (eleventh century)

 
 

Obverse

Bust of the Virgin orans, the medallion of Christ before her. On either side the sigla: μ̅-θ̅ : Μ(ήτηρ) Θ(εοῦ). Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of four lines, a cross above and a decoration below. Border of dots.

+
θκ̅εRθ,
λεοντι
επισκοπ
φκιασ
·

Θ(εοτό)κε β(οή)θ(ει) Λέοντι ἐισκόπ(ῳ) Φωκίας

Obverse

Bust of the Virgin orans, the medallion of Christ before her. On either side the sigla: μ̅-θ̅ : Μ(ήτηρ) Θ(εοῦ). Border of dots.

Reverse

Inscription of four lines, a cross above and a decoration below. Border of dots.

+
θκ̅εRθ,
λεοντι
επισκοπ
φκιασ
·

Θ(εοτό)κε β(οή)θ(ει) Λέοντι ἐισκόπ(ῳ) Φωκίας

Accession number BZS.1958.106.94
Diameter 19.0 mm; field: 13.0 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 3, no. 29.1.

Laurent, Corpus V/1, no. 746.

Translation

Θεοτόκε βοήθει Λέοντι ἐισκόπῳ Φωκίας.

Mother of God, help Leo, bishop of Phokia.

Commentary

The first known bishop of Phokaia (modern Foça, northwest of Smyrna) was attested in 451. This was a bishopric initially suffragan to Ephesos, then, in the mid-ninth century, detached and given to the newly created province of Smyrna. It will be contested again in the fourteenth century. See Laurent, Corpus V/1, 199; Culerrier, Suffragants d'Ephèse, 158 (episcopal list); Arhweiler, Smyrne, 82-84.

Bibliography

  • Catalogue of Byzantine Seals at Dumbarton Oaks and at the Fogg Museum of Art, Vol. 3: West, Northwest, and Central Asia Minor and the Orient (Open in Zotero)
  • Le Corpus des sceaux de l’empire byzantin (Open in Zotero)
  • Les évêchés suffragants d’Ephèse aux 5e-13e siècles (Open in Zotero)
  • L’histoire et la géographie de la région de Smyrne entre les deux occupations turques (1081-1317), particulièrement au XIIIe siècle (Open in Zotero)